History book registered as UNESCO global heritage
Two illustrated copies of the book: "Jaam-e Al-Tavarikh", which have been authored by the Iranian politician, historian, and physician, Rashid Ed-Din Fazlollah Hamedani, and are on display at Golestan Museum, have been registered as a global heritage by UNESCO.
This book enlightens the readers about Iranians' history and provides details about cultural Iran, which goes beyond the boundaries of present day Iran.
The meeting of the Memory of the World Program International Advisory Committee was convened in Paris from October 24-27, within which the proposals of countries for registration of works were studied, and an agreement was reached for registration of 78 new works.
"Jaam-e Al-Tavarikh" was among the registered works, which had been proposed by Iran's Memory of the World Program National Committee. In this manner, up to now, 427 works have been enlisted as global documentary heritage; with Iran contributing 10 works to this global heritage.
"Jaam-e Al-Tavarikh" is of paramount importance, given that it has registered historical facts and includes political and social studies. Two valuable hand-written copies of this book have been presented for inclusion in UNESCO's Memory of the World Program. The first copy has been penned in 305 pages in the year 1595 AD, with the second copy being authored in the year 1665 AD. Both of these copies are kept at Golestan Museum in Tehran, and maintain unique artistic features.
The author of this book is the Iranian politician, historian, and physician, Rashid Ed-Din Fazlollah Hamedani, who was born in the city of Hamedan in the year 1250 AD. He passed away in the year 1317 AD. Throughout his ministerial era, he constructed several buildings.
Part of the said book, which was presented in three volumes, covers the history of Turk and Mongol Tribes and the ancestors of Mongol ruler, Genghis Khan, rendering a biography of this ruler from his childhood till his rule. It also covers the history of Genghis Khan's children's rule in Central Asia and China, and the rule of Mongols in Iran. The compiler has also included compact data on his contemporary era in a number of chapters of this book.
The second and third volumes of this book cover a wide range of topics, including the history of prophets from Adam to Prophet of Islam, Mohammad (Blessing of God upon him and his progeny), Iran's history until the end of Sassanid era, a biography of Prophet Mohammad, history of dynasties that ruled Iran in the post-Islamic era until the deployment of Mongol troops, and the history of different ethnicities and nations.
Important parts of the second volume of this book such as the histories of China, India, Buddha, and Europe and the end of the eras of Ismailia are rather unique and have been authored based on the writings, narrations, and views of those ethnicities. Rashid Ed-Din is the first compiler who has made use of original and valid Chinese sources in compilation of history of China. This chapter of the book is the first independent and large-scale work that has been compiled about the history of China. On the other hand, in the chapter on history of India, a detailed biography of Buddha has been presented which has been unique in the World of Islam and Farsi language until the era of publication of this book.
Although the compiler of this book worked for Mongol Ilkhanid dynasty and was therefore forced to honor them, he has presented reports on their genocides, destructions, and pillages, and has deplored their crimes. This historian has also expressed his views about the murder of Iranians who worked for this dynasty and has revealed the schemes that were plotted for their annihilation. Also, the hardships, and livelihoods of people and the conduct of governmental agents have been elaborated in this book.
The writing style of "Jaam-e Al-Tavarikh" is simple and fluent and its Mongolian text has been translated to the conversational Farsi, spoken in the era of the compiler. This book was also translated to Arabic, Turkic, and Mongolian languages in the era of the compiler of this book. However, only parts of the Arabic text of this book's second volume have remained to this day. Parts of "Jaam-e Al-Tavarikh" have been translated to Turkic, Arabic, French, English, German, and Russian languages; the majority of which have been published. A part of this book was published in Paris in the year 1836 AD for the first time. Seyed Jalal Ed-Din Tehrani published this book in Tehran in the year 1934.
The Manager of Golestan Museum, Masoud Nosrati, has pointed out that the copy of "Jaam-e Al-Tavarikh" which is on display at this museum is voluminous and has been written on Kashmiri paper in 305 pages. This copy includes 98 water color paintings, created by a number of painters. Each of the paintings in this book revolves round a particular subject, which has been detailed in writing above the related paintings. Some of the subjects of the corresponding paintings include "A meeting between Genghis Khan and other kings", "Siege of a number of cities and their corresponding battles", "Prayers at the battlefield", "Princes and the outdoor festivities they convened on different occasions", "Iranian astronomers observing stars", and "A festivity held upon the instruction of the Mongol king".
Rashid Ed-Din, in addition to being a prudent and insightful politician, was also active in the domain of arts. In addition to his precision in collection of valuable information, he made utmost efforts to author "Jaam-e Al-Tavarikh" with the best calligraphy on high-quality papers. His compilations were prepared in an office which was founded for this purpose, in several copies, by highly skilled experts in Farsi and Arabic languages, and were later sent to different Islamic countries.
The presence of beautiful illustrations in "Jaam-e Al-Tavarikh", which were created by some of the highly skilled and renowned painters of that era have turned this book into an ever-lasting work, as a means to study different aspects of Iran's history in that phase in time with further precision and accuracy.