Islamic Revolution, self-esteem & scientific progress
Today on the 6th day of the Ten-Day Dawn, marking the grand victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran, we present you an interesting feature titled: “Islamic Revolution, self-esteem & scientific progress.”
Among the achievements of the Islamic Revolution is the restoration of the identity and self-dignity of the Iranian people after over a century-and-a-half- of humiliation at the hands of the despotic rulers and the big powers, such as Tsarist Russia, Britain, and the US. During the 50-odd years of the rule of the British-installed rootless Pahlavi potentates, Iran and the Iranian people were deprived of their rich religious and national culture and were being turned into imitators of the decadent and Godless culture of the West. Thus, when the Sage of the Age, Imam Khomeini (God bless him), raised his voice against the regime, as one of the senior-most Islamic authorities, the nation responded to his call generate the grassroots movement that finally cast monarchy into the dustbin of history. The people regained their independence, liberties, national self-esteem and dignity. These values, on the basis of faith, inspired self-confidence and have continued to play the key role in the achievements of the Iranian nation in various fields, including the scientific and technological spheres.
The Father of the Islamic Revolution in his speeches used to emphasize the wonders of self-esteem. For instance, he urged Iranians to use their God-given talents to rid the country of dependence, since the Pahlavi regime had destroyed industry and agriculture by importing everything from Europe and the US.
Today, nearly 40 years after the victory of the Islamic Revolution, the concept of "national self-esteem" and "return to self", have transformed Iran into a solid industrial base. Imam Khomeini emphasized the development of science and knowledge, as among the key goals of the Islamic Revolution, and believed that achieving other goals, especially materialization of political, economic and intellectual independence, was possible through expansion of knowledge and sciences.
Thus, Iran launched the literacy campaign to remove illiteracy, when on January 7, 1979, Imam Khomeini ordered the establishment of the Literacy Movement, saying: A which is Islamic cannot be deprived of writing and reading. All illiterates should learn, and all literate brothers and sisters should teach the others.
Thus, while in 1979, more than half of the Iranian population, that is, 52% was illiterate, today over 90% of the Iranian people are blessed with education, and are proud to be literate.
In addition to this, the Islamic Revolution provided a vast and new arena for the effective participation of women in various fields of society. One of the most important areas in which women had a very prominent role was the field of education. While in the years leading up to the victory of the revolution, only 35% of the population of women in the country benefited from education and knowledge, today on the eve of the thirty-ninth anniversary of the victory of the Islamic Revolution, over 90 percent of Iranian women are not just educated, but their numbers at universities are more than male students. According to figure, while in the year 1979, less than 50 thousand university students were girls, in 2009 this figure increased by tenfold to number 500 thousand, and the current figure is about two million. Today about 56 percent of university students are girls.
Islamic Iran has also made astounding progress in various scientific fields. As noted by the Leader of the Islamic Revolution, Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei, “Our scientific growth is greater than that of many advanced countries.” For instance, during the 37-year reign of the second Pahlavi potentate, only 2026 papers were published by Iranian scientists in internationally recognized journals or read at international conferences. Now, over the past 39 years of the Islamic Republic more than 245,000 scientific papers have been published by Iranian scientists.
In addition to quantitative increase, in terms of quality production, Iran has made massive strides. According to figures, Iran’s scientific progress has increased by 800 percent in the past four decades, despite the country passing through critical times, including the 8-year Iraqi war, and the illegal sanctions imposed by the US.
In medicine, in nuclear energy, in nano technology, in the defence fields, in the production of missiles, in aerospace, and in heavy industries, the Islamic Republic of Iran has made giant strides to the amazement of the world. It is self-sufficient in many vital fields,
Iran today ranks 17th in the world in terms of science and technology, thanks to the Islamic Revolution.