Repercussions of Spurious Islamic State in Mosul
The three year carnage in Iraq by Daesh had devastating consequences for the country. In this program, we review the cultural crimes of Daesh terrorists in Iraq.
Daesh is not just a savage phenomenon but it is basically anti-culture because the essence of the Daesh is terrorizing and massacring the innocent. Daesh tries to forge an identity for itself so it does its best to eliminate the existing identities. Daesh used this method in Iraq to eliminate the identity symbols in the regions under its control in the country. The religious, historic and scientific identity of Iraq was very much devastated by Daesh cannibalistic elements in three years. The destruction of religious, historic and scientific works in Daesh-controlled areas raised serious questions about the bogus Islamic state in Iraq even among the most incredulous people. Daesh claimed to establish a Sunni Islamic caliphate, but Sunni religious, historical, and scientific symbols and edifices were destroyed by the Takfiri terrorists more than the symbols of any other schools. The Daesh terrorists have shown that they will never succeed in forming a government that is recognized by the international community.
Today, Daesh has almost finished in Iraq, but has left a very negative cultural impact on Iraqi society. Daesh terrorists have eliminated peace, culture, family, education and physical and mental health in the territories under their occupation. Daesh has had a negative impact on the people under their control.
During the three years of occupation of Iraqi regions in Nineveh province, Daesh terrorists destroyed 155 religious sites, which include 74 sites belonging to Shia personalities and historical events, 46 sites of Sunni Muslims, 26 sites of Izadis and 9 sites of Christians. The most important religious sites destroyed by Daesh terrorists include the shrine of Prophet Yunus, the shrine of Saint Georg, the shrine of Prophet Seth in the city of Mosul, the capital of Nineveh Province.
These sites of pilgrimage were among the historic architectural symbols and they formed part of Iraq’s historic identity. Even in the last days of their presence in Iraq, the Daesh terrorists committed a big cultural crime and exploded the historic Nuri mosque in Mosul parts of which including its minaret was demolished. Nuri Mosque with an age of 800 years was the symbol of Mosul.
The Daesh terrorists in Nimrud city of Nineveh province destroyed over 70% of the city’s artifacts. The severity of this historical crime was so high that UNESCO officials described it as an unprecedented crime against historical monuments and called it "war crimes”, though the officials of UNESCO took no practical measure to deter Daesh terrorists from demolishing valuable human heritage. In addition to destroying historical monuments in the ancient city of Nimrud, the Daesh terrorists sold many of the historical and antique works of this city to the smugglers of relics and earned a great deal of income. These Daesh robberies are compared with plundering and smuggling artworks abducted from occupied countries by Nazi German Army. As it is evident the destination of many of these valuable historical works was European countries and Turkey.
The historic city of Hatra in the province of Nineveh, which is one of the gems of the Civilization of the Parthian period, and thus called "the heritage of humanity", was invaded by Daesh and its monuments were destroyed. The works that Daesh destroyed in Iraq, particularly in the city of Nimrud, is a common heritage of human history. Ban ki-Moon, former UN secretary general, in response to this Daesh cultural criminality, contented himself just with saying: "The deliberate destruction of our cultural heritage is considered a war crime and in general represents an attack on humanity."
Daesh’s crimes against Iraq's ancient, civilizational, and historical works met with the reaction of Al-Azhar University of Egypt. It declared such acts as haram according to Shari'a. Al-Azhar issued a statement announcing that "Daesh operation in destroying ancient artifacts, on the pretext that these works are idols, is a great crime. Destruction of the works of civilization is haram and completely forbidden. "
Another important part of the Daesh terrorist criminality in Iraq in the cultural sphere is related to the destruction of educational and scientific places in the occupied territories. On June 10, 2014, the University of Mosul was holding the final examinations, but the university told the students to return to their homes due to security problems. The University of Mosul was closed down due to security problems and fears of Daesh crimes, with thousands of students being deprived of their studies or continuing their studies. Similarly, Daesh terrorists burned down the Mosul public library and central library of the University of Mosul and burned hundreds of thousands of books, including exquisite historical books. The terrorists claimed that these books were "innovation" and do not have a relationship with Islam and should therefore be burned.
The Daesh terrorists, in their three year invasion of Iraq, attacked 138 schools a large number of which were completely destroyed. Fear of Daesh deprived thousands of Iraqi students from education. Now more than 3 million children are reluctant to attend school, while 1.2 million children are also deprived of school. Many families were forced to refrain from sending their children to school because of security concerns. In addition, thousands of teachers were forced to emigrate from the country due to Daesh crimes. The exclusion of children from education and the migration of teachers is one of the major damages that Iraq will suffer in the years to come, even in the next decade. At the same time, children who have been denied education due to Daesh crimes will experience the negative consequences of this unpleasant event in their future life.
The ruthless behavior of Daesh has caused Iraq to stop all forms of civil activity in 2014-2017. For this reason, civil activists, journalists, and Iraqi elites were forced to escape from the country to save their lives; for, civil activity was equivalent to a terrible death. If these civilian activists and Iraqi elites do not return to Iraq after the annihilation of Daesh, the country will have to witness heavy loss. In general, Daesh destroyed Iraq's culture, history, identity, civilization and science for three years. Some of these damages, including the destruction of the symbols of historical identity, can never be compensated.