Jun 18, 2017 11:13 UTC
  • Qur’an in view of Qur’an

Welcome to the program. Today we are going to discuss the status of human being in the holy Qur’an.

Human being has a very astounding story in the holy Qur’an. This heavenly Book has both praised and reprimanded human being. Human being is a creature that can take the control of the entire universe. He can even bring the angels under his control. However, he may go to the nadir of carnal desires to the extent that he becomes inferior to animals. These two extremes are mentioned in ayahs 1-6 of surah Tīn in which God says, “By the fig and the olive, by Mount Sinai, by this safe town: We certainly created man in the best forms; then We relegated him to the lowest of the low, except those who have faith and do righteous deeds.”

The highest status that human being can achieve is to become Allah’s representative on planet earth. This is mentioned in ayah 30 of surah Baqara, “When your Lord said to the angels, ‘Indeed I am going to set a viceroy on the earth.”

Another characteristic of human being is his scientific capacity. According to the holy Qur’an this characteristic made the angels prostrate for him. God taught Adam the names which according to some exegetes the names are various sciences. Ayahs 31 and 33 of surah Baqara explain this story, “And He taught Adam the Names, all of them; then presented them to the angels and said, ‘Tell me the names of these if you are truthful.’ They said, ‘Immaculate are You! We have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed You are the Knowing, the Wise. He said, ‘O Adam, inform them of their names,’ and when he had informed them of their names, He said, ‘Did I not tell you that I indeed know the Unseen in the heavens and the earth, and that I know whatever you disclose and whatever you were concealing?”

Another point is that human’s nature is innately aware of God. Ayah 30 of surah Rum reads, “So set your heart on the religion as a monotheist, the origination of Allah according to which He originated mankind. There is no altering for Allah’s creation. That is the upright religion but most people do not know.”

Human nature, besides material features which exist in all other forms of creation, has a heavenly and celestial feature. Human being is a mixture of the natural and supernatural, of body and spirit. This has been noted in ayahs 28-30 of surah Hijr, “When your Lord said to the angles, ‘Indeed I am going to create a human out of a dry clay drawn from an aging mud. So when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of My spirit, then fall down in prostration before him.’ Thereat the angles prostrated all of them together.”

Contrary to the view of different materialist schools the entire world and human being are not aimless creatures. Indeed no wise soul accepts that the human being and the universe have been created by chance and in vain. Ayah 115 of surah Mu’minun reads, “Did you suppose that We created you aimlessly and that you will not be brought back to Us?”

Ayah 27 of surah Ṣād also reads, “We did not create the sky and the earth and whatever is between them in vain. That is a conjecture of the faithless. So, woe to the faithless for the Fire!”

Human being has an independent and free personality. He is the trustee of God. He has a mission and responsibility. And he can choose between salvation and misery, light and darkness, truth and falsehood, belief or disbelief. Part of ayah 72 of surah Ahzab refers to this point, “Indeed We presented the Trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, but they refused to bear it, and were apprehensive of it; but man undertook it.”

The fact that human being is free to choose is mentioned elsewhere in the Qur’an. Ayahs 2 and 3 of surah Dahr (Insan) read, “Indeed We created man from the drop of a mixed fluid so that We may test him. So We made him endowed with hearing and sight. Indeed We have guided him to the way, be he grateful or ungrateful.”

Human being enjoys an innate dignity and honour. God has granted him superiority over many forms of his creation. An aware human being understands his true personality and safeguards it through keeping distance from vices and sins.  God says in ayah 70 of surah Isra’, “Certainly We have honoured the Children of Adam, and carried them over land and sea, and provided them with all the good things, and given them an advantage over many of those We have created with a complete preference.”