Jun 08, 2018 08:44 UTC

Preservation of unity and abstention from discord was the practice of the Prophet, the Imams and the religious leaders. God says in ayah 103 of surah Al-e Imran, "Hold fast all together to Allah's cord and do not be divided." God has revealed numerous ayahs on the importance of unity among Muslims.

According to the exegetes of the Qur'an from all denominations, the holy Qur'an was sent down as whole in the night of Qadr. Ayah 185 of surah Baqara reads, "The month of Ramazan is one in which the Qur'an was sent down as guidance to mankind with manifest proofs of guidance and the Criterion."

The holy Qur'an, as the book of guidance, is a cause of unity itself and has presented the ways and mechanisms for unity.

The noble Qur'an introduces the Prophet as the promoter of unity and fraternity and highly lauds his moral characteristics. The practice and behavior of the Prophet is replete with invitation to unity and closing the ranks of Muslims against enemies. The Messenger of Mercy, in the first year after hijra (migration from Mecca to Medina) created fraternity bond between the migrants and the helpers (Muhajirin and Ansar). These two groups of Muslims were different in terms of race, job, status and place of growth. Hence, there was a concern of disunity and differences among them. Thus, Prophet Mohammad (SAWA) called them brothers two-by-two to show the importance of unity in Islam. Muslims, following the role model of the Prophet, must always pursue unity and avoid discord. One of the factors for unity is the blessed month of Ramazan. Ramazan is full of conspicuous signs of unity and coherence throughout the Islamic world. The beautiful rites of fasting are common among Muslims as if the lifestyle of Muslims changes to a single one. Every Muslim from any race, colour of skin, language and ethnicity, venerates this month and tries to observe this obligatory act. Muslims wake up in midnight to eat Suhur and supplicate to the divine court. They keep fast from dawn till the call for evening prayer. The blessed month of Ramazan is the month of internal development for Muslims. As the Ka'ba gathers Muslims in one spot from all over the world, Ramazan acts as a large tablecloth which unites Muslims. All Muslims believe in the night of Qadr and there is no difference in its existence.

Another factor for unity of Muslims in Ramazan is E'tekaf which some Muslims observe it in the last ten days of this blessed month. E'tekaf means staying in mosque for a few days. This worship plays a significant role in uniting the Muslim masses. Muslims, especially youths, converge in mosques and fast for a few days while they are engaged in prayer, supplication and recitation of Qur'an. The holy Qur'an stresses that the faithful are equal and there is no difference among them except for piety (Godwariness). No doubt, today the most important issue for Muslim communities is the issue of unity. A brief look at the developments of the Islamic world, especially Palestine, reveals the fact that the unity preached and practiced by the Prophet and his infallible successors has been forgotten. Many of the Islamic governments are indeed the pawns and mercenaries of the Great Satan (The US) and the usurper Zionist regime of Israel. They are the allies of these two archenemies of Islam and fight the Islamic Republic of Iran which is the greatest defender of the Palestinian cause. Some of the Muslim countries are engaged in fratricide while the real enemy, the Zionist regime, is running amok in the heart of the Islamic lands. The blessed month of Ramazan can jolt our consciences to ponder upon the state of our brothers in faith and close our ranks against the common enemy.

Ayatollah Khamenei says, "The time has come for the Islamic world to come to its senses and choose Islam as the divine Right Path and the path of salvation; and march on it firmly. The time has come for the Islamic world to preserve its unity and stand with unity against the common enemy which all Islamic groups have experienced the harm of that enemy- namely the Arrogance and Zionism; while they chant the same mottos, propagate the same thing and cover the same path. God willing, this will be approved by God and corroborated by the divine laws and it will advance."