Let's know Islam (198)
Welcome to this week's episode of the series Let's Know Islam. Today, we continue our discussion on Barzakh, while also elaborating on the Day of Resurrection.
In the transitional world between this world and Hereafter, known as Barzakh; for those who have carried out good deeds, Barzakh is an example of Heavens; with them observing their good deeds in a pleasant manner. Some of their good deeds and worships such as observation of prayers, payment of Zakat, fasting, and observation of Hajj rituals appear before the individual in a pleasant manner, pointing out that they are the individual's good deeds. Meanwhile, human misdeeds such as corruption and injustice appear before him in a hostile and painful manner.
Based on Islamic narrations; mankind, upon death and entry to Barzakh benefits from a series of deeds which he has carried out in his lifetime, such as his charitable activities, or his participation in foundation of charities; or other philanthropic activities such as establishment of charities, hospitals, schools, and universities. Some of the other good deeds that assist good-doers after death include presence of good children who pray and seek repentance for their parents; compilation of books which other people use; construction of wells, farmlands, and orchards which people benefit from; and endowment of assets and belongings. These good deeds bring about comfort for the individual in Barzakh. Furthermore, if alive individuals carry out good deeds to grant spiritual rewards to the deceased individuals such as their deceased parents, friends, and teachers, these good deeds are awarded to the deceased, resulting in their joy and happiness.
As a reminder, we spoke of Barzakh in the last few weeks. Now, we intend to discuss the Day of Resurrection. Every individual immediately enters Barzakh upon death. Meanwhile, the Day of Resurrection is related to everyone and the entire universe. Upon the emergence of the Day of Resurrection, the entire universe enters a new phase.
Large galaxies; the small and large celestial masses; and whatever exists in this world, have come into existence upon God's will. In the contemporary world, upon the development and progress of human knowledge, it has been clarified that the universe, the sun, moon, stars, and all living creatures did not exist at one point, and came into existence later on. They are temporary phenomena. At some point, they did not exist; and they will not exist for good. One day, their existence will come to an end.
Holy Quran clearly points out that the world of creation is temporary and will not last forever.
The 8th ayah of Surat Al-Rum in Holy Quran notes: "Have they not reflected in their own souls? Allah did not create the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them except with reason and for a specified term. Indeed, many of the people disbelieve in the encounter with their Lord."
If people ponder appropriately and refer to their wisdom; they come to realize that the world has been created righteously, and the orders which govern the world are indicative of the infinite wisdom, and omnipotence of the one and only creator of the world, God Almighty. The other fact which this ayah puts emphasis upon is that the world of creation has been created for a specified term, and will cease to exist on the verge of the Day of Resurrection.
Undoubtedly, the time will come when the universe will be wiped out upon a major development. Concurrently, the sun, and stars will no longer shine and radiate, and will go dark. The tall mountains will be uprooted and fire will rage across the seas. In this manner, the current universe will cease to exist. Thereafter, a new immortal world will be born, which is distinctively different from the current world.
God has pointed out the emergence of the Day of Resurrection in Holy Quran. On the verge of Day of Resurrection, no one remains except God Almighty.
The 68th ayah of Surat Al-Zumar in Holy Quran notes: "And the Trumpet will be blown, and whoever is in the heavens will swoon and whoever is on the earth, except whomever Allah wishes. Then it will be blown a second time, behold, they will rise up, looking on!"
This ayah clearly pinpoints that at the end of the world and beginning of the Day of Resurrection, two sudden developments take place. In the first incident, which marks the termination of the world, all living creatures on the earth and sky die upon a loud sound. In the second development which is concurrent with the start of the Day of Resurrection, all humans are revived and rise up, with a loud sound.
The 49th and 50th ayahs of Surat Ya Sin in Holy Quran note: "They do not await but a single Cry that would seize them as they wrangle. Then, they will not be able to make any will, nor will they return to their folks."
Prior to studying the developments of the universe on the verge of Day of Resurrection, with further precision, we should take into consideration the current state of the universe. Based on the ayahs of Holy Quran, the universe has been created impeccably and in a balanced manner. Large galaxies with billions of stars are governed by the precise laws of nature. Thus, Holy Quran invites mankind to study and ponder about the mysteries of the universe. Undoubtedly, if the sharp-minded mankind contemplates about the mysteries of the universe, he will find out that there are no defects and shortcomings in the world of creation.
Holy Quran has used different terms in order to describe the sky; each of which partly reveals the realities of the universe.
The 12th ayah of Surat Al-Naba in Holy Quran notes: "And did We not build above you the seven mighty heavens?"
The 2nd ayah of Surat al-Ra'd in Holy Quran states: "It is Allah who raised the heavens without any pillars that you see…"
The 6th ayah of Surat Qaf in Holy Quran points out: "Have they not then observed the sky above them, how We have built it and adorned it, and that there are no cracks in it?"
The 5th ayah of Surat al-Mulk in Holy Quran notes: "We have certainly adorned the lowest heaven with lamps …"
Furthermore, the 104th ayah of Surat al-Anbiya talks about the developments on the verge of Day of Resurrection, noting: "The day We shall roll up the sky, like the rolling of the scrolls for writings …"