Jul 21, 2018 10:07 UTC

Welcome to another episode of the series titled “Iranian Market”. This program takes a brief look at the most important goods produced in the precious land of Islamic Iran in the fields of agriculture, science and industry.

In this episode we discuss the health benefits of Caviar and Iran’s efforts for protection and reproduction of sturgeons. Keep us company until the end of the program.

As we said last week Caviar is an energetic marine food which has wonderful taste and flavor. This marine food refers to roe from wild sturgeon and is one of the most expensive foods in the world. We also told you that figures show that the Caspian Sea is home to 93 percent of the world sturgeon.

Caviar is actually the most expensive marine food in the world that is usually eaten in the breakfast meal.

There are 252 calories in 100 grams of Caviar.

Caviar is mostly eaten raw. This food is usually served with egg yolk or lemon juice, butter or bread.

Caviar is a high quality and nutritious food product. This nutritional and energetic food is an excellent source of vitamins B2, B6, B12, A, D, E, C, as well as protein, calcium, phosphorous, selenium, magnesium, anti- oxidants and omega-3 fatty acids.

Caviar prevents heart diseases, different types of cancers and problems pertaining to digestive system.

Caviar also helps rejuvenate skin by its anti- aging effects. It is suggested that beauty creams that contain Caviar can promote repair to skin through fatty acids which trigger collagen production enhancing hormones.

Caviar oil also helps treating mental disorders.

Sturgeons are also valued for their flesh. Their flesh is sold fresh, pickled or smoked. The flesh of sturgeons is used for making sausages because it is boneless and does not contain a lot of fat.

Though Caviar is the most important product of sturgeons, thanks to advanced technology and industry other parts of sturgeons including their digestive system, skin, cartilage, spinal cord, etc. are used in food and medical industries as well as in making cosmetics. For instance, the sturgeons’ skin is used for making leather. The sturgeons’ cartilage is also used for making creams.

The gelatin obtained from sturgeons is also used in making glue, isinglass and medical industry.

Although many countries including France, China, Italy, Uruguay, Mexico and the US have started breeding and reproducing sturgeons, Iranian Caviar is much superior to any other type of Caviar in the world. This is because of different factors including, appropriate temperature for the growth of sturgeons in Iran and Iranian experts know- how in the field of breeding this kind of fish.

It is also said that the depth of the Caspian Sea in the side of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the healthy and natural environment around the area have provided a good location for these fishes to grow and produce a high quality Caviar.

That is why the roe from the Iranian Caviar is of high quality in comparison with the Caviar obtained from the north of Caspian Sea.

Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute located in northern city of Rasht is one of the research institutes that is active on protection and revival of natural resources including sturgeons. This institute started its activities in 1995 as the first international research institute for sturgeons in the Caspian Sea.