Let's know Islam (205)
Welcome to this week's episode of the series Let's Know Islam. Today, we continue to discuss the topic of Day of Resurrection, and mankind's record of conduct on the Day of Judgement.
One of the topics of importance, related to the Day of Judgement is mankind's record of conduct. On the Day of Judgement, within which the divine court is established; every individual is handed over his record of conduct in a manifest book. Within mankind's record of conduct; the details of all of his behaviors, deeds, even all of his intentions, motivations, and characteristic traits are registered.
On the Day of Judgement, all of individuals' deeds are precisely taken into consideration, and even the smallest deeds of mankind are taken into account and calculated.
In the 16th ayah of Surat Luqman, within the framework of Luqman's advice to his son, it is pointed out: 'O my son! Even if it should be the weight of a mustard seed, and even though it should be in a rock, or in the heavens, or in the earth, Allah will produce it. Indeed, Allah is all-attentive, all-aware."
Focusing on the awareness of God about human deeds, and registration of all of mankind's good deeds and misdeeds in the manifest book paves the way for personal and collective reformations. This, in itself, is a very strong driving force toward carrying out good deeds, and avoiding misdeeds and wrongdoings.
All of human deeds, in addition to their effects and outcomes are registered in one's record of conduct.
In the 12th ayah of Surat Ya Sin in Holy Quran, God states: "Indeed it is We who revive the dead and write what they have sent ahead and their effects, which they have left behind, and We have figured everything in a manifest book."
One's record of conduct acts like a mirror which reflects all human deeds. Ayahs of Holy Quran and Islamic narrations, have referred to mankind's record of conduct on the Day of Judgement. The angels that accompany mankind day and night are responsible for registration of mankind's deeds. Hence, all of the individuals' overt and covert sins are manifested on the Day of Judgement.
The fact of the matter is that all of mankind's deeds are registered by angels. Upon the consideration of individuals' record of conduct on the Day of Resurrection, some are gladdened, while others are in despair. The records of conduct of those who have been faithful, and have carried out righteous deeds are handed over to their right hand. These individuals are happy and cheerful. However, the records of conduct of wrongdoers are handed over to their left hand, resulting in their sadness and despair. Holy Quran has mentioned both of these groups.
Within the 7th to 9th ayahs of Surat al-Inshiqaq in Holy Quran, God points out: "Then as for him who is given his record in his right hand, he shall soon receive an easy reckoning, and he will return to his folks joyfully."
Meanwhile, the 10th to 14th ayahs of Surat al-Inshiqaq in Holy Quran refer to the record of conduct of disbelievers and wrongdoers, stating: "But as for him who is given his record from behind his back, he will pray for annihilation, and he will enter the Blaze. Indeed, he used to be joyful among his folks, and indeed he thought he would never return."
Ayahs of Holy Quran, in explanation of the reason behind the ominous fate of wrongdoers, note that wrongdoers were content and happy with their misdeeds among people and members of their families; coupled with obstinacy, and unawareness over the presence of God; which in turn manifested their excessive dependence toward the material world and their indifference toward Hereafter.