Jan 18, 2019 14:13 UTC

Welcome to our weekly programme "Path towards Enlightenment" in which we present you a fluent and easy-to-understand explanation of the ayahs of the holy Qur’an. We start from where we left you last Friday and here are ayahs 39 and 40 of Surah Saad:

 “This is Our bounty: so give away or withhold, without any reckoning.”

“Indeed he has [a station of] nearness with Us and a good destination.”

Last week we explained how God Almighty made the wind subservient to Prophet Solomon to carry him comfortably to any place he wished to visit, and also made the jinns – a species of invisible creatures – obedient to him to carry out extraordinary building projects, with the right to the Prophet-king to punish and imprison the devils amongst them.

The ayahs that we now recited to you, are continuation of God’s favour to Prophet Solomon of the riches granted to him to administer the society with justice and care for the welfare of the masses. The use of the phrase in this ayah “without reckoning” means that for the sake of the rank of your justice Allah has given you a vast authority which will not be reckoned or asked about. It may also mean that the Divine bestowal on you is so much that whatever you grant it will not be counted in it.

The next ayah speaks of Prophet Solomon’s spiritual merits, his nearness to God because of his piety and sense of justice, and his good destination, that is, a happy ending in paradise. This sentence, in fact, is an answer to those who, following to what is mentioned in the present distorted version of the Torah, polluted the sacred personality of this great prophet by kinds of undue and superstitious attributes. And, thus, the holy Qur’an considers him free from all these wrong accusations, and honours his position with Allah.

A statement from Prophet Mohammad (SAWA) says: “Have you heard that how much of property and government Allah gave Solomon, the son of David? Yet, with all these merits, it did not increase in him (anything) except to his humility, in a manner that because of intense humility and discipline he did not look at the sky because of humility for his Lord.”

From these ayahs we learn that:

  1. In the divine system of government, whatever the ruler has, is a gift from God which should be applied in the service of people.  
  2. Possession of power and wealth, is not contradictory to worship and servitude of God and attaining of divine proximity.
  3. In the system of divine government, progress and material development and enjoyment of natural resources have no contradiction with the achieving of psychological and spiritual perfections.

Now we listen to or read ayahs 41 and 42 of Surah Saad:

“And remember Our servant Job [in the Qur’an]. When he called out to his Lord, The devil has visited on me hardship and torment,”

“[We told him:] ‘Stamp your foot on the ground; this [ensuing spring] is a cooling bath and drink.”

After the story of Solomon who is the symbol of wealth and worldly power among the Prophets of God, these ayahs point to the account of Prophet Job or Ayyoub who is an excellent model of patience and endurance in the force of adversities and calamities.  

God asked Prophet Mohammad (SAWA) to recount to Muslims the life of Prophet Job in order to instill in them patience and endurance against hardships. God granted Prophet Job much favours and he was indeed a grateful servant. But God Almighty caused him to undergo tests and tribulations to prove that Job is thankful to God under all circumstances, whether in times of happiness or in times of hardships, even if it means the death of his children and loss of his properties. Thus, gradually, as a divine test, the livestock such as sheep and cattle of Job were destroyed, and he also suffered from a severe illness so that even his children kept away from him in fear of being ill.

Under such circumstances, the Satan spread among the people lies about Job alleging that this was divine punishment for his disobedience of God, since if he was good servant of God, he would not have been subjected to such hardships. His adverse conditions, coupled with taunts of the people, because of the temptations of the devil, put him in a very difficult position and caused his severe grief.

Job, however, did not complain and was always thankful to God. One day, he pleaded to God about the behaviour of the people towards him and the temptations of the devil, but made no direct request in the Divine Court. God Almighty, in order to save Job, miraculously healed his illness, making the people realize that after all, he was a thankful servant of God. The Almighty Creator ordered him to stamp his foot on the ground where he was sitting so that a spring of fresh water gushed from under his feet. On God’s commandment Job washed himself from the spring and drank from it in order to fully recover from his illness. God thus restored to Prophet Job his blessings including his property and children.

It is clear that the story of Job is a lesson and a sign for the wise to not be proud of their own possessions, because they may all be lost in a moment. This story also teaches us that in the hardships and diseases we will never be disappointed with the grace and mercy of God, because it is easy for God to solve difficulties.

From these ayahs we learn that:

  1. Acquaintance with the account of past, especially of the divine Prophets helps us to properly build our life on the basis of faith and patience.
  2. The devil tries to deviate believers from the path of God, but fails to achieve his sinister goals.
  3. Prayer is the method of divine leaders and manifestation of servitude and worship of the Creator of the world. So we have to pray for solving our problems.