Feb 10, 2019 21:04 UTC

Salaam and welcome to our weekly programme "Path towards Enlightenment" in which we present you a fluent and easy-to-understand explanation of the ayahs of the holy Quran.

First we listen to ayahs 49 to 51 of Surah Saad:

"This is a reminder, and indeed the Godwary have a good destination"

"—the Gardens of Eden, whose gates are flung open for them."

"Reclining therein [on couches], therein they ask for abundant fruits and drinks,"

In our last episode of Path towards Enlightenment, a fortnight ago, we referred briefly to six of the Prophets, that is, Abraham, his sons Ishmael and Isaac, and Isaac’s son Jacob, as well as Elisha and Dhu’l-Kifl, whom God says were among the most virtuous and spotlessly pure persons, possessing strength of character and insight.

The ayahs that we recited to you now means to say that it is essential to remember the role and services of the elite of pious servants of God in order to protect our faith by discerning between right and wrong. There are lessons to be learned from the exemplary life of the Prophets, rather than the mere telling of stories. The reminder that the Godwary have ab blissful destination, awakens the negligent thoughts, elevates the level of knowledge and cognizance; increases the strength of perseverance and steadfastness in Muslims for whom God has sent the holy Qur’an. The Qur’anic term “jannaat” refers to Paradise, while the term “and” is in the sense of ‘standstill’ and ‘perpetuity’. This is a hint to the perpetuity of the gardens of Paradise, whose doors are flung open for the virtuous. It means Paradise is waiting for them, and when Paradise meets them, it opens its bosom and invites them to enter. The next ayah says that the people of Paradise spent their time in leisure, without being bored, and by the Grace of God have access to fruits and lawful drinks whenever they desire, even while reclining on their couches. These are the rewards for them for having led a virtuous life with full obedience to God without going astray.

From these ayahs we learn that:

  1. The accounts of the Prophets and the virtuous are meant to inspire us to do good.
  2. The length of life is not important, but what is important is a meaningful life of virtue and human dignity in accordance with God’s commandments.
  3. The pleasures of Paradise are reserved for the true believers.

Now we listen to ayahs 52 to 54 of Surah Sad:

"And with them will be maidens of restrained glances of a like age."

"This is what you are promised on the Day of Reckoning."

"This is indeed Our provision, which will never be exhausted."

As is obvious from the Divine Words, the people of Paradise enjoy all lawful pleasures including the company of pure and chaste spouses, which means that the Resurrection is physical and bodily. The term “maidens of restrained glances” indicates that these heavenly wives look only at their husbands and they are in love of only them and they do not think of anyone other than them, and this is one of the greatest advantages of a wife.

The next ayah says that this is divine promise which does not fail. Indeed these divine provisions will never be exhausted.

From these ayahs we learn that:

  1. A good wife's characteristic is that she is always attentive to her husband without being distracted by any other man.
  2. The blessings of Paradise are permanent.
  3. Resurrection is physical. At the resurrection, man has a body like a worldly body. He takes fresh fruits and drinks. He is also provided chaste wives in paradise.

Now we listen to ayahs 55 to 58 of Surah Sad:

"This [is for the righteous], and as for the rebellious there will surely be a bad destination"

"—Hell, which they shall enter, an evil resting place."

"This; let them taste it: scalding water and pus,"

"And other kinds [of torments] resembling it."

The method of the Qur'an is to draw comparison between virtue and vice, to point out the good and bad destinations.

The next ayahs describe the torturous situation of the people of hell who because of their sins and disbelief in life have brought upon themselves the fires, the scalding waters, the pus, and all other kinds of sorrows.

From these ayahs we learn that:

  1. Contemplation of the fate of the virtuous and the wicked makes us discern between right and wrong.
  2. God is Just and He has reserved the highest rewards for the true believers, while the wicked only reap the bitter fruits of their evil deeds, after having been given ample time by God to repent and reform, which they did not.