Questions on Ashura (2)
Hussein was playing on the shoulders of his grandfather, the Prophet of Islam. The Messenger of God would smell him and kiss him, saying, "Hussein is from me and I am from Hussein. God loves he who loves Hussein."
Umm Salamah related: "Hussein was with the Prophet and I saw that the Prophet suddenly began to cry. I asked the reason. He answered, 'Gabriel was here with me and Hussein. He asked me, 'Do you like him?' I said, 'Yes." He said, 'After you, your Ummah will kill him in Karbala!' Then he gave me a handful of the soil of Karbala."
This hadith has been narrated with a high frequency in both Shia and Sunni sources. Although the love of Imam Hussein and the sorrow of his martyrdom has gone far beyond any geographical and religious boundary, the name of Hussein has a special significance for Shias. Indeed, in a sense, Shias are recognized by Imam Hussein (AS). Imam in the Shia culture is the guide toward God and the ayah Tat'heer (Purity) clearly stresses that the Imams of the Prophet's Ahl al-Bayt are immune and clean from any sin or mistake. The question arises that: Is the importance of Ashura limited to the Shia culture or Sunnis have also paid attention to it?
Our Sunni brothers have mentioned many narrations and subjects on the status of the Master of martyrs, Imam Hussein, and the events of Ashura. Most of the Sunni scholars have paid respect and reverence to the Ahl al-Bayt and deemed them as very honest, trustworthy and with high degree of faith. They consider Imam Hussein rightful in his uprising and call Yazid as a sinful, corrupt and oppressive person. They maintain that Yazid should be cursed due to his oppression against the Ahl al-Bayt. Among the predecessors, mention can be made of Ibn Emad, Taftaazaani and Ibn Jowzi. There are few people, too, who say that Imam Hussein was right in his movement but they put the blame of his martyrdom and the crimes committed in Karbala on people other than Yazid.
Great Sunni historians, like Bukhari, Tabari and Zahabi, in their books, have considered Imam Hussein's movement to be based on freedom, justice, dignity and nobility. They believe that the Imam has taught everyone the lesson of freedom and dignity.
Taftaazaani, one of the noted Sunni theologians says, "The oppression committed against the Ahl al-Bayt cannot be concealed because this oppression was with ultimate cruelty. The inanimate creatures and animals bear witness and the earth and sky were about to weep and the mountains were about to be lifted and the rocks were about to be shattered. Thus, may God damn he who did this or was pleased with it or made effort to this end. And the punishment of the hereafter is more severe and lasting."
Shaykh Shablanji, the author of famous book 'Nur al Absar fi Manaqeb Aal bayt el Nabi al Mukhtar, was a famous Sunni scholar of the 13 century AH. In this book, he discusses the tragedy of Ashura and narrates two miracles of the blessed head of Imam Hussein (AS). This book used to be in all Sunni mosques beside the Qur'an. But after the dominance of Wahhabi cult it has been forcibly collected from mosques.
A short glance at the views of Sunni scholars reveals that many of them have been sad at the tragedy of Ashura and considered Imam Hussein rightful in his movement. Many of their followers, too, maintain the same view.
But Wahhabism, which is not an Islamic sect, and is indeed a fabrication of Britain, sticks to its blasphemous ideology of excommunicating all Muslims while trying to masquerade as the representative of Sunni Muslims. This British-made cult tries to introduce Ashura and the martyrdom of Imam Hussein as an issue merely related to Shias. But their efforts will lead nowhere as the light of Imam Hussein (AS) continues to radiate all over the world.