In the path of the Imam (32)
Welcome to this week's episode of the series "In the Path of the Imam". Today, we elaborate upon the views of Founder of Islamic Republic of Iran, late Imam Khomeini (God's mercy upon him) about the stages of implementation of the two important principles of promotion of virtues and prevention of vice.
Last week, we spoke of the conditions considered by the Father of Islamic Revolution, late Imam, for implementation of the two important principles of promotion of virtues and prevention of vice, which are namely awareness and vigilance of the promoter of virtues; the possibility of influencing the sinner; insistence of the sinner in commitment of sins; and absence of any possible harm to the promotor of virtues and preventer of vice. We also underlined that based on late Imam's view, in important and sensitive social topics of importance, and in fundamental religious topics of importance, such as protection of the honor and dignity of Islam and Muslims, the promoter of virtues and preventer of vice is duty-bound to fulfill this task even if possible harm could be inflicted upon him, or he may not be able to influence the sinner. Today, we discuss the stages of promotion of virtues and prevention of vice, based on the view of the Father of Islamic Revolution, late Imam Khomeini (God's mercy upon him).
Late Imam considers three stages as necessary in promotion of virtues and prevention of vice, while upon achievement of the ultimate goal in any given stage, there would be no need to enter the next phase. The first stage, in late Imam's view, is the non-verbal phase. In this phase, the promoter of virtues and preventer of vice should carry out a deed, which displays his heartfelt dislike for the related vice, thereby encouraging the sinner to stop committing sins and to carry out virtues.
Late Imam noted that maintenance of relations with relatives is one of the virtues, which should be complied with in implementation of the principle of promotion of virtues and prevention of vice. In other words, fulfillment of the first stage in prevention of vice and promotion of virtues should not result in trampling upon another virtue which is maintenance of ties with relatives.
Late Imam, in response to a question about a child's relations with his father, who does not comply with religious rules and regulations and is a disbeliever, calls on the related child not to sever ties with his father, and to try to guide his father to the righteous path.
In response to another question on whether an individual should sever ties with relatives, who are not pious; do not observe their daily prayers, and are anti-revolutionary, late Imam notes that cutting ties is not allowed. However, the related individual should promote virtues and prevent vice in interactions with his relatives.
In the view of late Imam, the second stage of promotion of virtues and prevention of vice is the verbal phase. Late Imam underlined that if the ultimate goal of the preventer of vice is not achieved within the first phase, entering the second stage is essential if the sinner may be influenced through guidance and gentle remarks. Late Imam believed that guidance of the sinner via gentle remarks should be prioritized in this stage.
Late Imam pointed out that the third stage of implementation of the task of promotion of virtues and prevention of vice is to take the necessary action to this end.
Late Imam underscored that the permission of a fully-qualified Jurisprudent is necessary for taking action in promotion of virtues and prevention of vice in circumstances that might inflict harm on the sinner, or may lead to sinner's detention and restriction.