In the path of the Imam (39)
Welcome to this week's episode of the series "In the Path of the Imam". Today, we elaborate on the different aspects and manifestations of the concept of Jihad, in the view of the Founder of Islamic Republic of Iran, late Imam Khomeini (God's mercy upon him).
In the past few weeks, we spoke of the views of the Father of Islamic Revolution, late Imam Khomeini (God's mercy upon him) as one of the main religious leaders of the world, and the main Shia Source of Emulation in his era.
In the previous weeks, we studied topics of importance such as daily prayers, fasting in the holy month of Ramadan, promotion of virtues and prevention of vice, and Hajj pilgrimage; and presented the religious standpoint of late Imam in these realms. Today, we intend to familiarize you with the viewpoint of the Father of Islamic Revolution on the important topic of Jihad. The concept of Jihad, in addition to maintaining ideological and personal aspects; has social, political, and international dimensions, and elaboration of this concept plays a decisive and crucial role in understanding the ideological and political insight of the Founder of Islamic Republic of Iran.
In religious standpoint, Jihad is not restricted to everyday efforts, and in fact displays an especial connotation. This term has been repeatedly mentioned in the ayahs of Holy Quran, which manifests its importance in Islamic teachings. Late Imam's standpoint toward the topic of Jihad is based on the ayahs of Holy Quran. Late Imam, via reliance upon the exegesis of these ayahs, and consideration of the traditions of the Prophet of Islam, Mohammad (God's blessings upon him and his progeny) and the Infallible Imams of Prophet Mohammad's Household (PBUT), formed his insight. God Almighty has promised the faithful, their entry to Heaven and has pointed out that one of the means for distinguishing the faithful from disbelievers is Jihad. In accordance to Islamic teachings, those who attain martyrdom on the path of Jihad for the sake of God are highly valued by God, and enter Heaven.
Late Imam, via reference to ayahs of Holy Quran, and the traditions of the Prophet of Islam's Infallible Household (PBUT), elaborated upon the principles, parameters, and aspects of Jihad.
Late Imam considered the most important form of Jihad as Jihad against one's carnal desires. Late Imam pointed out that Jihad against one's carnal desires, is the most difficult and valuable form of Jihad, within which one has to overcome one's whims and temptations.
Late Imam underscored that in this type of Jihad, one's carnal soul is countered, enabling the individual to grow and develop. Therefore, this type of Jihad is of paramount importance, given that purification of soul is prioritized to all other forms of Jihad; and ethical virtues are the outcome of Jihad against carnal desires.
The concept of Jihad also maintains social and political aspects.
In the view of late Imam, Jihad is also carried out for defending the boundaries, and safeguarding the economic, political, and cultural security of the Islamic community. late Imam underlined that if an aggression is carried out against Islamic lands, all Muslims are duty-bound to defend the divine religion of Islam and their lands and territory. Late Imam believed that defending the sacred religion of Islam and Muslims is not restricted to geographical boundaries, and all Muslims should safeguard each other in the face of aggressions of foreign forces.
Late Imam also underscored that Muslims are duty-bound to cement and reinforce the pillars of their country so that foreign forces would not dare to attack their Islamic country. Obviously, late Imam, in these keynote remarks, in addition to the military aspect of defense of one's Islamic country, was referring to the economic, political, and cultural dimensions of reinforcing and consolidating one's Islamic country.
In the view of the Founder of Islamic Republic of Islam, Jihad in the diplomatic scene in support for the oppressed and downtrodden nations, is another aspect of Jihad for the sake of God. In other words, Muslims should defend the divine religion of Islam, Muslims, and the oppressed, with the usage of legal and legitimate tools and means in the global arena, and without interference in the internal affairs of other countries.