Path Towards Enlightenment (853)
Welcome to our weekly programme "Path towards Enlightenment" in which we present you a fluent and easy-to-understand explanation of the ayahs of God’s Final Revelation to all mankind, the holy Qur’an. We start from where we left you last Friday and here are ayahs 59 and 60 of Surah Zumar:
“Yes, My signs certainly came to you, but you denied them and acted arrogantly and you were among the faithless.”
“On the Day of Resurrection you will see those who attributed lies to Allah with their faces blackened. Is not the [final] abode of the arrogant in hell?”
Last week, we said how on the Day of Resurrection when everything becomes crystal clear, with the virtuous entering the bliss of paradise and the vicious being cast into the blazing fire of hell, the unbelievers and the unrepentant sinners would regret the worthless life they had led and would implore God Almighty to give them a chance to return to the world so that they could rectify their wrongs, but these pleadings, which are not out of honesty would be of no avail in the Divine Court, since if granted life again they would repeat their evil ways.
Here the ayahs that we recited to you now, mean to say that the reply of the All-Merciful Lord will be in plain simple language pertaining to the fact that the unbelievers had denied the clear signs of guidance which were for their own benefit and had acted arrogantly by refusing to accept faith despite the ample time they were given to reflect on realities and repent; therefore their sordid fate on the Day of Resurrection is merely the result of their own wicked ways and deeds.
In other words, God Almighty does not punish anyone without warning them and giving them enough time for repentance after having revealed His signs of guidance to them through prophets and the heavenly scriptures, which means vanity and denial of Divine Revelation are the main reasons for their deliberate descent into the depths of disbelief and faithlessness.
The next ayah means to say that on the Day of Resurrection the faces of those who denied the truth and attributed lies to Allah the Exalted, will be blackened as a result of their sins – even if their skin colour in the world had been white, reddish, brown, and yellow, or for that matter dark.
In other words, those who had blackened their hearts through unbelief, sins, and all other evil deeds, will be raised on the Day of Resurrection with dark and blackened faces, which means what is concealed shall become manifest with faces reflecting the actual state of their hearts, while those whose hearts are illuminating because of their faith, virtue and good deeds, shall appear with bright faces on that Day.
Resurrection is in fact the embodiment of our words and deeds; and certainly the final abode of the evil, arrogant, and unbelieving persons is hell.
Here it should be clarified that lying against Allah has various aspects, such as associating other objects of worship with God; likening God Almighty to something; regarding angels as God’s offspring; attributing one’s vicious act to God; pretending to be God or His representative; distorting the contents of the revealed scriptures, making innovations in religious teachings; and forging narrations from the Prophets and the Infallible Imams, whose words are Divinely inspired.
From these ayahs we learn that:
- God does not punish people without having warned them before hand, and having provided the means of guidance for them through prophets, heavenly scriptures, and the human being’s own intellect, by giving them ample time to repent.
- The origin of unbelief is denial of truth and the devilish spirit of arrogance.
- Paradise and Hell are the result of the words and deeds of all human beings that become manifest on the Day of Resurrection.
- The state of the faces, whether the blackened visages of the unbelievers and unrepentant sinners, or whether the illuminating and white countenances of the believers and the virtuous, are the reflection of the status of their hearts.
Now we listen to or read ayah 61 of Surah Zumar:
“Allah will deliver those who were Godwary with their salvation; no ill shall touch them, nor will they grieve.”
This ayah points to blessed state of the believers who guarded themselves against sins, and as a result have achieved salvation on the Day of Resurrection, on which they will neither grieve nor shall any evil touch them, as a reward for their piety, firm faith, and good deeds.
They are showered with all kinds of Divine Bounties while enjoying the eternal bliss of paradise, as is clear by this brief expression of rewards reserved for them for their faith and virtue.
From this ayah we learn that:
- Piety and virtue in life, on the firm basis of faith, leads to salvation in afterlife in the form of the eternal bliss of paradise, where no grief, anguish or ill occurs.
- Piety is the shield that had protected the faithful from sins while alive, and permanently protects them from all ugliness and harm in afterlife.
Now we listen to or read ayahs 62 and 63 of Surah Zumar:
“Allah is Creator of all things, and He watches over all things.”
“To Him belong the keys of the heavens and the earth, and those who disbelieve in the signs of Allah —it is they who are the losers.”
These two ayahs could be called the gist of monotheism, since they stress the indivisible unity of the One and Only Creator of the universe; Who has no partners; is Aware and Observant of everything including thoughts that flash across our minds; and in His possession is every minute aspect of the heavens and the earth.
Therefore, the true believers are always cognizant of God Almighty and seek refuge in Him, while those who deny the manifest signs of Allah by refusing to believe in the Prophets and the heavenly scriptures, are the ultimate losers for having indulged in the cardinal sins of atheism, polytheism, dualism, distortion of Divine Commandments, and usurpation of authority that does not belong to them.
These ayahs also refute the weird concepts of pagans and idolaters, since some of them while worshipping idols, deities, and the wild imaginations of their warped minds, acknowledge God as the Almighty Creator, which means their belief is neither pure nor sincere, since they attribute partners to Him and attribute lies to Him by following others who have no Divine Authority.
In other words, from the perspective of the holy Qur’an, those who, instead of God, consider others to be effective in the affairs of the world are the real losers, because they have disobeyed God Who is the Creator, Owner, Possessor, and Administrator of all things in the heavens and the earth, and the Real Granter of rewards for the true believers.
From these ayahs we learn that:
- We ought to be cognizant of God at all times, since He is the Creator of the universe and the Source of life, which means any denial of Divine Authority is disbelief and a kind of polytheism.
- Monotheism encompasses all aspects of life and is neither limited to a specific part nor a period of the world and its affairs.
- The unbelievers and the unrepentant sinners are the ultimate losers.