Aug 23, 2019 08:21 UTC

Welcome to our weekly programme "Path towards Enlightenment" in which we present you a fluent and easy-to-understand explanation of the ayahs of the holy Qur’an. We start from where we left you last Friday and here is ayah 7 of Surah Ghafer:

"Those who bear the Throne, and those around it, celebrate the praise of their Lord and have faith in Him, and they plead for forgiveness for the faithful: ‘Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge. So forgive those who repent and follow Your way and save them from the punishment of hell."

Last week we explained that those who tried to belie the teachings of the Prophets, were destroyed despite their military might and wealth, such as the Pharaoh, and empires of Babylon, and other once powerful civilizations, whose ruins serve as eternal warnings for the sinners and unbelievers in every age, besides being an encouragement to the true believers that they should never feel despair in the face of adversities or led into misbelief that success lies in power, riches, lies, oppression and all other fraudulent ways in which the arrogant indulge. In other words, faith and truth are the eventual winners, while the losers are the oppressive persons and powers, for whom there is severe punishment both in this mortal world and in the Hereafter.

In continuation, the ayah that we recited to you now, gives glad tidings to the true believers that they are never alone and should not feel estranged since the bearers of the Divine Throne and the celestial angels, who always glorify God, beseech Him to make the believers of firm faith victorious in both the transient life of the mortal world and on the Day of Resurrection.

They mean to say: Our Lord! You comprehend all things in Mercy and Knowledge, that is, You are aware of Your servants’ faults and shortcomings, and are compassionate toward them, so forgive those who repent as is Your way and save them from the torment of Fire.

In other words, on one hand this ayah gives tidings to the believers to stand firm in faith without feeling despair, and on the other hand serves as a warning to the unbelievers to mend their evil ways, repent, reform themselves, and seek forgiveness of the All-Merciful Lord, so as to avoid divine punishment, since their disbelief or committing of sins, doesn’t hurt the Almighty Creator the least, in the same way that He is needless of His glorification by the virtuous ones.

From this ayah we learn that:

  1. It is reassuring and hopeful that God doesn’t leave the believers alone, but inspires the angels Who glorify Him, to beseech Him for forgiveness of their faults and shortcomings, and for their virtuous end.
  2. Praying for others is highly recommended by the Prophet of Islam and the Infallible Imams, as is evident by what the angels do, and God Almighty grants favours to both the beseechers and the beseeched.
  3. It is faith and good deeds that firm up the bond between the Lord Most High and His creatures, and saves the believers from both the evils of the world and the torments of afterlife.

Now we listen to or read ayahs 8 and 9 of Surah Ghafer:

"Our Lord! Admit them into the Gardens of Eden, which You have promised them, along with whoever is righteous among their forebears, their spouses and their descendants. Indeed You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise."

"Save them from the ills; and whomever You save from the ills that day, You will have had mercy upon him, and that is the great success."

These ayahs, in continuation of the previous ayah, refers to more of the invocations of the bearers of Divine Throne and the celestial angels, which indicates their humble request to show the true believers His Boundless Mercy, which He has promised, by not only saving them from the torment of the fire, but to make them enter, along with their parents, fathers, spouses, and offspring, the eternal bliss of the gardens of Paradise.

Through the long and unbroken chain of Prophets, the Almighty and All-Wise Creator has always given these tidings to mankind, but while the believers thank Him for His favours, repent of their wrongs, and strive on the path of virtue, those who have completely sold their souls to the Satan, ignore these tidings and by continuing their evil ways become deserving of Divine Punishment.

Ayah number nine further quotes the celestial angels as beseeching God to ease the problems and difficulties of the believers, including the torment of the Day of Judgement, since attaining of Divine Mercy is the greatest success.

To sum up, the supreme deliverance is that the penitents are absolved of sins, saved from torments and evils, become deserving of Divine Mercy, and granted the everlasting pleasures of Paradise, along with their near and dear ones.

From these ayahs we learn that:

  1. Praying for others is the way of the angels, the Prophets, the Imams, the Saints, and the Virtuous; which means that instead of wishing bad for those who commit wrongs, we should beseech God for their guidance and forgiveness.
  2. Unless one is cleansed of sin and forgiven by God, he/she will not be able to enter paradise.
  3. The greatest success is salvation in afterlife.