Sep 13, 2019 08:38 UTC

Welcome to our weekly programme "Path towards Enlightenment" in which we present you a fluent and easy-to-understand explanation of the ayahs of the holy Quran. We start with ayahs 13 and 14 of Surah Ghaffer:

"It is He who shows you His signs and sends down for you provision from the sky. Yet no one takes admonition except him who returns penitently [to Allah]."

"So supplicate Allah, putting exclusive faith in Him, though the faithless should be averse." 

In our last episode of “Path towards Enlightenment” a fortnight ago we said disbelief is a kind of polytheism, since there are those who claim to be believers but are not staunch monotheists believing in the One and Only God Alone in view of the fact that when God is invoked such persons do not believe, but when partners are ascribed to the Almighty Creator they say they believe. Thus, as judge at the Tribunal on the Day of Resurrection, Allah the Creator, the Most Exalted and the Most Great, Who is Fully Observant of each and everything including the thoughts that flash across our minds, is the Absolute Sovereign and all beings submit to His Command.

The ayahs that we recited to you now refer to monotheism and its signs in the world around us. The world of existence abounds in symbols of the Indivisible Unity of God. It means mankind should not turn to others besides God Almighty, to whom the penitents turn in repentance, admitting the unique signs of the One and Only Creator in the universe, which we observe and deal with every day.

Among the most apparent signs of mercy from the sky is the sunshine with its warmth and brilliant light as well as the rainfall which besides cooling the atmosphere provides sustenance through growth of trees bearing fruits, vegetable plants, and grain crops, in addition to ensuring supply of fresh drinking water.

As the next ayah means to say, in view of the fact that God has no partner in the system of creation, do not worship the imagination of your minds and the products of your hands as the intransigent disbelievers do, but instead purify your hearts, through prayers and supplications to Him Alone, even if the faithless are displeased and become your enemies.

From these ayahs we learn that:

  1. The world around us is full of signs of Monotheism and the Majesty of the One and Only Creator, as even a cursory glance around us confirms beyond an iota of doubt.
  2. The existence of everything, whether animate or inanimate, are among the signs of the Indivisible Unity of God, as well as the means of growth and sustenance He provides us through such infinite signs of mercy as air, sunshine and rainfall. 
  3. Among the duties of the faithful is to preserve the purity of faith from all kinds of superstition and false claims.
  4. Never should a believer try to please a disbeliever in matters of faith, but should adhere to the truth, even if others disagree.

Now we listen to or read ayah 15 of Surah Ghaffer:

"Raiser of ranks, Lord of the Throne, He casts the Spirit of His command upon whomever of His servants that He wishes, that he may warn [people] of the Day of Encounter."

This ayah expresses some of the attributes and actions of God. If the preceding ayah called people to sincere devotion in matters of faith, this ayah refers to the fact that God Almighty will exalt the virtuous in proportion to their degree of sincere devotion. As the “Rafi ad-Darajaat” He is the Possessor of Highest Ranks and Degrees that are beyond the comprehension of whatever intellect and knowledge that he has granted His best of creation, that is, mankind.

The ayah says He is Owner of the Throne, which means that God Who is far too glorious to have any form, shape or place, wields His Sway over the entire universe. He has no peer in exercising His Sovereignty which bears testimony to the fact that determination of His servants’ ranks are in accordance with their merits and in His firm Control.

The Spirit in question is the Holy Qur’an and the rank of prophethood and Revelation that invigorates hearts, souls and bodies. Revelation is likened to the Spirit that sustains life, growth, motion, and development. In other words, God entrusts Revelation to the one whom He regards worthy of such a state, as the prophets, of whom the best and greatest of whom is Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny).

At the same time, God Almighty warns people of the consequences of their ways and actions that become manifest on the Day of Resurrection, which here in this ayah, is called Day of Encounter, since it is the meeting of the Lord Most High with His creatures. This meeting does not mean physical encounter, since the One and Only Creator is too glorious to have form, shape and place.   

From this ayah we learn that:

  1. The path of religion is the path of growth and perfection, and God raises in ranks whoever strives in that path.
  2. God appoints prophets on the basis of their firm faith and merits, while exalting their ranks in accordance with His Omniscience and Infinite Wisdom.
  3. The prophets, as commanded by God and in accordance with their kind and compassionate nature, advise and admonish people, and warn the deviant against the consequences of their actions in afterlife, so as to pave the path of prosperity for them, and save them from the dangers of self-destruction.