Sep 20, 2019 14:15 UTC

If you remember last week we presented to you explanation of up to Ayah 15 of Surah Ghaffer (or Mu'min) of the holy Qur'an, and today we continue our discussion with the exegesis of ayahs 16 and 17 of the same Surah.

"The day when they will emerge, nothing about them will be hidden from Allah. 'To whom does the sovereignty belong today? To Allah, the One, the All-Paramount.'

“Today every soul shall be requited for what it has earned. There will be no injustice today. Indeed, Allah is Swift at reckoning."

It was mentioned in the previous episode of this programme last Friday that God, the Owner of the Throne, Who is far too glorious to have any form, shape or place, wields His Sway over the entire universe, without having any peer in exercising His Sovereignty, which bears testimony to the fact that He entrusts Revelation to the one whom He regards worthy of such a state, as the prophets, of whom the best and greatest is Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny). At the same time, God Almighty warns people of the consequences of their ways and actions that become fully manifest on the Day of Resurrection.  

The ayahs that we recited to you today mean to say that on that Day nothing will be hidden and everything becomes clear. Everyone's past record is opened and becomes manifest to all. On the Day of Judgement all veils will be removed, and all material obstacles like mountains shall give way to a level smooth plain. In short, all human beings with their complete identity shall appear on that great scene and nothing shall remain concealed, as had been warned by the Prophets during the transient life of the mortal world that God is aware of even the thoughts that flash across minds. Then only will the disbelievers understand that every minute action has been registered with absolute precision. The other point in this blessed Ayah is Divine Absolute Sovereignty, with God Almighty asking the questions and all believers and disbelievers answering them. No one can hide anything or give incorrect replies, since even our own bodily organs will testify against us. It is the day of reward and punishment and everyone receives the just recompense of the deeds they had done in the world.

The next ayah dwells on several characteristics of the Day of Recompense saying that each and every person shall be recompensed for what he/she had earned, without the least injustice to anybody, since the All-Merciful God is Just. Another characteristic of the Day of Judgement is the swiftness in reckoning the deeds – more fast than computers can do. In this world, there is excessive oppression and people wrong each other for worldly gains and pleasure, but in the Hereafter none has any power over the other, and unlike the courts of this world, where it takes years to issue a verdict, and in most cases dubious, the deeds of people will be reckoned very fast and swift manner, and that too in the most fairest form, after much mercy shown by the All-Merciful God.

From these ayahs we learn that:

  1. Nothing is hidden from God and on the Day of Resurrection everything will become fully manifest to the extent that no one can deny anything.
  2. The reward and punishment are based on the deeds that one had done during the transient life of the mortal world, rather than on false wishes and relationships.
  3. God the Omniscient is the Absolute Power with full sovereignty over the entire creation, and He never wrongs anyone the least.

Now let us listen to or read ayahs 18-to-20 of Surah Ghaffer,

"Warn them of the Imminent Day when the hearts will be at the throats, choking with suppressed agony, the wrongdoers will have no sympathizer, nor any intercessor who might be heard.

“He knows the treachery of the eyes, and what the breasts hide.

“Allah judges with justice, while those whom they invoke besides Him do not judge by anything; indeed, it is Allah who is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing."

God says in these ayahs that we shouldn't think that the Day of Judgment is far away so that we can do whatever we wish. Rather we should know that it is near and we should be accountable for our deeds. In other words, death and the Day of Resurrection are drawing near, so let us prepare ourselves for them. Confronted with dire straits, people may feel their hearts are being displaced, as if coming out of their throats. The expression is quite figurative, though it literally means that the heart which pumps blood to the veins is displaced and reaches the throat. The expression indicates the fear and anxiety caused by Divine reckoning and the fear of being disgraced among all people and entanglement with an excruciating pain from which there is no release, or no helper and sympathizer to intercede with God.

The next ayah refers to the treachery committed through eyes and the facts concealed by the breasts, all of which is not hidden from God, Who is well aware of our different types of surreptitious looks. At times, looks may be cast surreptitiously at women outside the circle of close kinship and at times it may aim at humiliating others, finding faults with them, or hatching plots and satanic ruses. When a person knows that such precise reckoning will be carried out on the Day of Resurrection and even glances and even thoughts will be all subject to scrutiny, utmost fear of God would be develop in him/her, and such faith in the Hereafter and Divine reckoning on the Day of Resurrection will naturally prevent a person from committing sins. The next ayah points out that on that Day, God shall be the Only Judge and He will not judge with untruth, since wrong judgment springs from ignorance but His Omniscience comprehends even the inward secrets of hearts. Wrong judgment may also stem from inability or need but God is Free from such incompetence. It is worthy of note that this ayah also serves as an argument substantiating Towhid or monotheism, since the One Who is Worthy of worship shall be the Arbitrator, while idols and the imaginary forms of worship are devoid of any usefulness in this world nor will they be of any use on the Day of Resurrection. Thus, how could they be worthy of being worshipped? It is also noteworthy that Judgment with Truth embraces a wide range of meaning comprehending all the world of existence.

In continuation the ayahs say that the divine knowledge encompasses everything and every place so we should never imagine that we can do something secretly because God is even aware of what we hide in our hearts. For sure, God will judge on the basis of our deeds and people will stand accountable for whatever they have done in their life.

These ayahs teach us the following points:

  1. The Day of Judgment is imminent and we should be prepared for the eventuality.
  2. The agony of the Day of Judgment will put the sinners in a very painful situation but they won’t be able to utter a word let alone shout.
  3. The Day of Judgment is the day of loneliness for the sinners; close friends and influential people cannot do anything and, basically, nobody thinks of others as everybody is engaged in his/her own affair.
  4. Believing that God is aware of whatever we do and think, will prevent us from committing sins.