Path Towards Enlightenment (863)
In continuation of where we left you last Friday, in today’s episode of Path towards Enlightenment, we present you ayah 26 of surah Ghaffer or Mo’men of the Holy Qur’an:
“And Pharaoh said, “Let me kill Moses and let him appeal to his Lord! I fear he will change your religion or cause corruption to appear on earth.”
Last week, we explained that when Moses invited the tyrannical Egyptian ruler and his courtiers to give up arrogance and the worship of deities, and to obey the commandments of the One and Only Creator of the universe, and to release the monotheist Israelites from bondage, the haughty Pharaoh and his equally evil minister, Hamaan, despite witnessing the manifest miracles of the Prophet, derided him as a sorcerer, devised plots against him, and decided to kill the believing youths and men, while sparing the women in order to exploit them as maidservants.
The ayah that we recited to you now means to say Pharaoh consulted with his courtiers on killing Moses, and to see whether God would save him. Aware of the dubiousness of his own creed against the logic and rationality presented by Moses, the Pharaoh tried to justify his decision to kill the Prophet on the apprehension that if allowed to continue his mission he will change the religion of the Egyptian people through his convincing debates and thus irreparably damage the vested interests of the ruling clique. It seems that many of the courtiers were against the slaying of Moses; not because they had any love for him, but for fear that through his miraculous acts he might cast a curse upon them.
This ayah teaches us the following points:
- It is the common practice of tyrannical rulers to try to kill the leaders of the Path of Truth, since they have no logic to defend themselves against rational argumentation.
- For Pharaoh and all other tyrants throughout history, religion is no more than worshipping idols and propagandizing their pomp and power, in order to justify and protect their rule, or more properly their misrule.
- The superficial calm and security of tyrannical states is based on repression and anything that rationally challenges their claim, is depicted as corruption.
Now let us listen to or read ayah 27 of this surah:
“Moses said, “Indeed, I take refuge with my Lord and your Lord against every arrogant who does not believe in the Day of Reckoning.”
This ayah means to say that in response to the Pharaoh’s threats, Moses with full confidence sought refuge with the Infinite Power of God Almighty, thus demonstrating that he had no fear of the arrogant ones and those who have no faith in the Day of Resurrection and Divine Judgement.
It is clear that Prophet Moses had full confidence in God Almighty, Who had saved him since his birth when the Pharaoh was killing every male baby on the fear that the prophesied redeemer would be born and endanger his despotic regime. It was God Almighty Who had ensured that Moses grow up in the palace of the Pharaoh himself, and now on being entrusted with the Divine mission to invite the Egyptians toward monotheism and truth, it is God Alone Who will protect him from any plot against his life, since the disbelievers cannot do anything.
From this ayah we learn that:
- We should seek refuge in God Almighty against the enemies, since all affairs are under Divine Control.
- Arrogance and tyranny are Pharaonic traits, of which the believers should never be afraid.
- The stratagems of those who have no faith in the Day of Resurrection and Divine Judgement always come to naught.
Now let us listen to or read ayah 28 of surah Ghaffer as the concluding ayah of this week’s episode:
“A man from Pharaoh’s court who was a believer and had been hiding his faith said, “Are you going to kill a man for merely saying, ‘My Lord is God; while he has indeed brought your clear proofs from your Lord? If he is a liar, then his lie falls upon himself; but if he is truthful some of what he promises you will afflict you. Indeed, God does not guide anyone who is a preposterous liar.”
This ayah points to unseen help. A member of Pharaoh’s family, on having heard the rational debates of Moses and witnessed Divine Miracles, had secretly believed in the mission of the Prophet, but deemed it unwise to reveal his faith, since the atmosphere at the court was against monotheism. Now when the Pharaoh made clear his intention to kill the Prophet of God, this firm believer in monotheism bravely stepped forward and nullified the conspiracy through his prudence. He advised the taking of any hasty decision, merely for Moses’ saying that he was a Prophet of God. Moreover, he said: We have heard his rational arguments and the manifest miracles he performed.
This righteous Egyptian dignitary thus dissuaded the Pharaoh and his clique, firstly by saying that Moses, who had grown up in the royal palace, does not deserve such a harsh punishment; secondly, confronting a person of sound words and worthy character, will entail perils; thirdly, there is no need for the ruler to take such a severe action, since if Moses happens to be a liar, he will be chastised by God; and fourthly, isn’t is possible that Moses might be right, and in such a case we, the Egyptians, will suffer Divine Punishment.
These are the points that we can learn from this ayah:
- It was Divine Providence that arranged unseen help for Prophet Moses from within the close circle of the Pharaoh, through a person who had secretly believed in monotheism, which means we should never be despaired of hope in Divine Mercy.
- At times, it is prudent to conceal one’s belief in an oppressive atmosphere, so that opportunities could be utilized for informing the believers in advance and nullifying some of the plots of the enemies.
- While speaking to opponents, we should be rational and not emotional, as the Mo’men Aal-e Fir’oun or the Believer of Pharaoh’s People, did, to save the life of Prophet Moses through rational discourse.