Jan 10, 2020 09:20 UTC

Welcome to our weekly programme “Path towards Enlightenment” in which we present you a fluent and easy-to-understand explanation of God’s Revealed Word, the holy Qur’an.

We continue from where we left you last week, and here is Ayah 77 of Surah Ghaffer (or Mo’men):

“So be patient! Allah’s promise is indeed true. Whether We show you a part of what We promise them, or take you away [before that], [in any case] they will be brought back to Us.”

If you remember last we said the rejoicing of the disbelievers in this world at the plight of the believers, will result in their humiliation and painful punishment in the Hereafter, since pleasures and entertainments are evaluated by truth and falsehood, and not at the cost of violating the rights of others and ridiculing the weak, which are all cardinal sins and transgression of God’s commands.       

The Ayah which we recited to you now indicates the veracity of Divine Promises, which are the source of patience and serenity, as God advises patience to soothe the heart of Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny). In other words, the promise of victory to the Prophet and warning to the disbelievers. The Prophet’s obligation is to clearly declare his Call and impart the Truth to all people such that the hearts of the awakened people may be enlightened through with the Islamic faith and there remains no room for the opponents of the true faith.

This ayah teaches us that:

  1. Believers ought to be patient and steadfast while facing problems since it is the habit of the disbelievers to torment them.
  2. God’s promise is true and will certainly materialize.
  3. Delay in the punishment of sinners and oppressors is due to Divine Mercy and Wisdom, to given them a chance to repent and reform.

Now let us listen to or read ayah 78:

“Certainly We have sent prophets before you. Of them are those We have recounted to you, and of them are those We have not recounted to you. A prophet may not bring any sign except by Allah’s permission. Hence when Allah’s edict comes, judgment is made with justice, and it is thence that the falsifiers become losers.”

This ayah refers to one of the means of education and guidance, which the holy Qur’an uses to narrate the history of the ancients and exemplary persons. The Day of Resurrection is the Day of Divine Judgment and the disgrace of the followers of falsehood. This Ayah makes a reference to the prophets sent to the nations of the past who caused troubles and difficulties for the messengers of God, but nonetheless they exercised patience and diligently discharged their duties despite the impediments; as a consequence of which they became victorious. Truth finally prevailed and wrong doers and sinners were vanquished. Since obdurate polytheists and disbelievers asked the Prophets to show them their miracles at all times, the Ayah means to say that all miracles are wrought by Divine Will rather than by the demands of the disbelievers who consider them to be playthings. Thus, miracles are performed by the Prophets as per the Divine instructions for the guidance of the people.

This Ayah is a serious warning to the disbelievers who used to question the absence or delay in Divine Punishment for their wrongdoings. God is All-Merciful and Just towards all his creatures, including the sinners, and He gives them respite to repent and reform. If the disbeliever do not rectify their wrongs and give up their sins, then the punishment reserved for them is just and fair, and for those who die in the state of disbelief, no repentance will avail them on the Day of Judgement. It is on that Day that the followers of falsehood shall clearly perceive that they have missed their opportunities without accruing any righteous or good deeds, rather they have been entangled with Divine Wrath and excruciating torments. This ayah teaches us the following points:

  1. The Qur’an emphasizes on studying the history of the past nations and the prophets sent to them so that we will stand firmly on the path of truth against oppressors and sinners.
  2. The prophets perform miracles on the commandment of God and not on the demands of people.
  3. The real harm is on the Day of Judgment rather than this world; so the lovers of this world must not think that their ample wealth and power will benefit them after death.

RM/AS/ME

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