Feb 28, 2020 16:26 UTC

Welcome dear listeners to our weekly programme "Path towards Enlightenment" in which we present you a fluent and easy-to-understand explanation of the ayahs of God’s Revealed Word to all humanity, the holy Qur’an.

We continue from where we left you last week, and here is Ayah 29 of Surah Fussilat.

“The faithless will say, ‘Our Lord! Show us those who led us astray from among jinn and humans so that we may trample them under our feet, so that they may be among the lowermost!”

Last Friday, in our explanation we said Ayah 27 warns disbelievers of the severe punishment they will taste for indulging in the promotion of evil in society and preventing people from listening to the voice of reason. We also noted that Ayah 28 calls such evil persons the “enemies of God”, and says the torment shall be very painful for those denying Divine signs, with the fire of the eternal inferno being their permanent abode as a recompense for their atheism, polytheism, and an evil life of unrepentant sinners in violating the messages of the Prophets.

The Ayah that we recited to you now means to say that those who had been misled by the ringleaders of disbelievers whom they had regarded as respectable in society during the mortal life of the transient world, will complain against them on the Day of Judgment so that they may take their vengeance upon them.

In other words, when disbelievers find themselves at the edge of the blazing Hellfire and lose all hope of deliverance, they will utter such words out of desperateness. They wish to find their chiefs and leaders who led them to such an unfortunate state, and in vengeance for being misled they wish to crush them and send them to the lowest level of Hell.

From this ayah we learn that:

  1. On the Day of Judgment when everything becomes crystal clear the unbelievers will blame each other for their denial of truth, and denounce those very persons whom they had respected and followed on the evil path.
  2. The causes of deviation and perversion are two factors: deceptive persons and enticing devils.
  3. Faithless and pervert leaders, who deceive others and mislead them will be target of hatred on the Day of Judgment by their followers who would wish to trample them, but this will not save them from their own terrible fate for the sins into which they were immersed.

And here is Ayah 30 of Surah Fussilat, which reads:

“Indeed those who say, ‘Our Lord is Allah!’ and then remain steadfast, the angels descend upon them, [saying,] ‘Do not fear, nor be grieved! Receive the good news of the paradise which you have been promised.”

Following the depiction of the torments and miserable state of the disbelievers on the Day of Judgment as a result of their vicious deeds, this Ayah refers to the merits of the pious God-fearing believers who say that none except God Almighty is the Lord and Creator of the universe. They stood firm on their beliefs and dutifully fulfilled their obligations. As a result, angels cordially welcome them upon their death and also on the Day of Resurrection, and make them feel secure and confident. The angels will say to the true believers: Have no fear or grief; for your reward is the bliss of Paradise, as per God’s Promise.

In other words, in contrast to the miserable fate of the disbelievers who are scared on seeing the terrible scenes on that Day, the God-fearing believers are secure and receive Divine rewards, while angels bear them glad tidings of the Paradise promised by God Almighty.

The comprehensive and interesting expression in this Ayah actually encompasses all goods and excellent characteristics, such as the love of God and firm belief in Him in the first place, and then acting upon such beliefs in all spheres of life, because there are many who claim to love God but they lack perseverance of faith owing to their weakness and frailty.

In one of his sermons in the book “Nahj al-Balagha”, Imam Ali (AS), the First Divinely-designated Successor of Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny) provides a clear and meaningful interpretation of this Ayah, saying:

“You said that our Lord is Allah. Now stand firm on your word and persevere in acting upon His Commands, treading His Path, and praising Him as it is worthy of Him. Do not disobey Him, nor make innovations in His Religion, nor deny His Prophet’s Call.”

Thus, without the least doubt, the tidings of the angels will enlighten the hearts and souls of the faithful, and keep them steady on the path towards Paradise on the day when the feet of many tend to slip. This is the reward reserved for the believers because they used to control their desires and inner self against temptations and carnal inclinations, or being seduced by forbidden pleasures. In the Hereafter, God will compensate them and will grant them whatever they wish. They will enjoy the eternal bliss of Paradise.

This Ayah teaches us the following points:

  1. Although most of the faithful have few friends in the world, the angels are their celestial friends who help them both in this world and in the Hereafter.
  2. The pleasures of paradise are not limited to material and physical ones; rather whatever is delightful for human being is available in paradise, which means the spiritual pleasures are superior to material ones.
  3. God will treat the inhabitants of paradise with mercy and forgiveness.