Path towards Enlightenment (922)
Salaam and welcome to another episode of our weekly series titled “Path towards Enlightenment” which is an endeavour to make you and us familiar with an easy and fluent explanation of God’s Final Scripture to all mankind, the holy Qur’an, which was revealed to the Last and Greatest of all Messengers, Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny).
We start from where we left you last week, and here is Ayah 26 of Surah Jathiyah:
“Say (O Prophet): It is Allah Who gives you life then He makes you die, then He will gather you on the Day of Resurrection in which there is no doubt, but most people do not know.”
If your remember, in our last Friday’s episode of this series, while explaining the previous Ayahs of this Surah we said that blind pursuit of materialistic life with immersion in sins deprives a person of faith in God and thereby denial of the Hereafter. This means there is no logical argument for the disbelievers’ refusal to believe in Resurrection, and it is the height of absurdity for them to demand that their dead are immediately brought back to life.
The Ayah that we recited to you now commands the Prophet to explain to the disbelievers that the Almighty Creator brought you into existence and will make you die. Then, even though your corpses have decayed, become rotten bones and powdered into dust, He will raise you to life in your original shape and size on the Day of Resurrection of which there is no doubt. It is strange that you seem to be ignorant of these undeniable facts of the system of creation which follows an order through the Will of the All-Wise Creator. In other words, the evidence of Divine Omnipotence, Wisdom, and Justice is so clear that there is no room for any doubt or denial regarding Resurrection.
In other words, if you contemplate and properly use your God-given intellect you will be able to recognize the order, harmony, and purpose of creation, and become capable of perceiving the qualities of life, death, Resurrection, and judgement. To be more precise, this worldly death is a preamble to everlasting life, since the purpose of the end of mundane life is prelude to immortality for all human beings, with the believers enjoying the perpetual bliss of paradise and the disbelievers the ceaseless torment of the fires of hell, otherwise the creation of the world would seem to be vain.
This Ayah teaches us the following points:
- Life itself is the reason for certainty of the next life or Resurrection for the Day of Judgement.
- Disbelief is the result of the failure of a person to use the gift of intellect to properly contemplate on the manifest signs of God in the world of creation as well as in one’s own self.
Now let us listen to Ayah 27 of the same Surah:
“To Allah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and when the Hour sets in, the falsifiers will be losers on that day.”
This Ayah tells the deniers of the Day of Resurrection and Judgement to ponder on the power of the Almighty Creator in the heavens and the earth in order to understand that He can revive them, since all existence is in His power. It warns mankind against denying truth and following falsehood so that they would not be the ultimate losers on the arrival of the Day of Resurrection. This means worldly losses are trivial, but the losses to be incurred on the Resurrection Day shall be catastrophic. In other words, on the Day of Resurrection, the disbelievers and evil doers shall be the permanent losers, since they had spent their life in vanity and ignorance despite the ample opportunities provided to them by the All-Merciful Lord to repent and reform.
In other words, the mortal life of the transient world resembles a marketplace where people are supposed to accrue the gains of the Hereafter which are spiritual and necessary for everlasting life that follows. Failure to accrue gains despite the availability of the capital of life may be likened to a bankrupt merchant having lost his capital without accruing any gain from worldly life. There will be nothing in store for such persons except rue and regret on the Day of Resurrection.
From this Ayah we learn the following points:
- The Almighty Creator is capable of recreating in their original form all things that have decayed and perished, including human beings.
- By contemplating on the wonders of the world of creation one can discover the absolute truth about God and His blessings to all.
- Resurrection is necessary for the final judgement to determine the purpose the creation by rewarding the righteous and punishing the evildoers
Now let us listen to Ayahs 28 and 29 of Surah Jathiyah:
“And you will see every nation fallen on its knees. Every nation will be summoned to its book (of record of deeds): ‘Today you will be requited for what you used to do.”
“This is Our book, which speaks truly against you; indeed We used to record what you used to do.”
On the Day of Resurrection everyone shall kneel down in fear and anxiety, since the system of creation is kept in order and harmony and the records of human deeds are based on manifest evidence. When the record of deeds is opened, everyone will be called to account on the basis of their deeds, and everyone shall be recompensed according to their deeds. It may also mean that the nations of the past will be judged by the heavenly scriptures revealed to their respective prophets and whether or not they acted upon its instructions. The word “Jathiyah” mentioned in Ayah 28 means kneeling down at the time of fear, awe, anxiety, humility, and submission, since the record of deeds of each and every one will be opened for the final judgement.
As specified by Ayah 29, the Book mentioned here is the record kept for everyone to detail their deeds, which means all nations have one single book in which everything and the deeds of everyone are registered in it. The All-Merciful Creator will tell people that their book is before Him and it testifies to whatever has been done by each and every human being.
From these Ayahs we learn that:
- The system of creation is based on truth and justice and the minutest acts of every single person are recorded in detail.
- The reward or punishment on the Day of Judgement is based on deeds done during mortal life, whether good or evil.
Now let us listen to Ayahs 30 and 31 of this Surah:
“As for those who have faith and do righteous deeds, their Lord will admit them into His mercy. That is the manifest success!”
“But as for the faithless, [they will be asked] ‘Were not My signs recited to you? But you were disdainful, and you were a guilty lot.”
On the Day of Judgement, people will be divided in two groups for receiving either reward or punishment. The true believers will be showered with Divine mercy and grace, and this is indeed the “manifest success” or “fowz-un-mobin” as the Arabic phrase says. Of course, the firm faith of the true believers ought to be accompanied with righteous deeds to deserve the highest degrees of Divine mercy and rewards, although the All-Merciful Lord forgives the faults and sins of those who had repented and reformed themselves before death.
As for the faithless, that is the disbelievers who had denied the teachings of the prophets and refused to submit to the One and Only Creator of the universe by indulging in polytheism, idol-worship, atheism, and even distortion of the message of the heavenly scriptures in order to follow their vain desires and mislead others, they will be deprived of Divine mercy.
Sins stem from disbelief and arrogance. Thus, Ayah 31 following the previous Ayah’s expression of the sublime station of the believers and the virtuous persons, reproaches the disbelievers. It means to say: Were not Divine Ayahs recited to you for your guidance by the Prophets, the Imams, the Saints, the scholars, and the righteous persons? The torment and punishment in which you are engulfed now is the result of your own evil, since you were disdainful of the words of guidance and ended up as the guilty lot.
From these Ayahs we learn the following points:
- True belief and righteous deeds are inseparable and lead to towards perpetual bliss and salvation.
- Disbelief and sins originate from arrogance and self-conceit.
- The All-Merciful Lord never wrongs anyone, and it is only the sinners and disbelievers who wrong themselves by indulging in evil, despite the ample opportunities for repentance provided by God.