Jan 15, 2021 19:41 UTC

Salaam and welcome to another episode of our weekly series titled “Path towards Enlightenment” which is an endeavour to make you and us familiar with an easy and fluent explanation of God’s Final Scripture to all mankind, the holy Qur’an, which was revealed to the Last and Greatest of all Messengers, Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny).

We start from where we left you last week, and here is Ayah 32 of Surah Jathiyah:

“And when it was said, “Allah’s promise is indeed true, and there is no doubt about the Hour,” you said: We do not know what the Hour is. We know nothing beyond conjectures, and we do not possess any certainty.”

If your remember, in our last Friday’s episode of this series, while explaining the previous Ayah of this Surah we said that despite the earnest endeavours of the Prophets, the Imams, the Saints, the scholars, and the righteous persons, the intransigent sinners, idol-worshippers, atheists, and all other disbelievers refused to heed the words of guidance, and persisted in their evil ways until death overcame them. As a result they will be engulfed in torment and punishment on the Day of Resurrection, which they used to deny with disdain and self-conceit, which means the All-Merciful Lord never wrongs anyone, and it is only the sinners and disbelievers who wrong themselves by indulging in evil, despite the ample opportunities for repentance and reform provided by God.  

The Ayah that we recited to you now means to say that the characteristics of the disbelievers include suspicion, while those of the believers include inquiry, follow up, and attainment of certitude. On the Day of Resurrection, disbelievers shall be engulfed by the evil consequences of their evil deeds, because whenever the true believers would remind them of the truth of God’s promise and the eventuality of the Day of Judgement, instead of contemplating they used to dismiss it as a conjecture. They would say with disdain: ‘What is that?’ We do not know what that Hour is.’

In other words, if these very disbelievers are told that their house is exposed to fire or flood, they will instantly react and make preparations to avert such a probable danger, but6 when they are reminded of the Day of Resurrection and Judgement, they do not consider any likelihood for its occurrence.

From this Ayah we learn that:

  1. The true believers should convey the words of truth to all, so that the argument is sealed and no one has any excuses in this regard.
  2. For the conscientious, even the mention of the Day of Resurrection is enough to prevent them from committing sins.

Let us now listen to Ayah 33 of the same Surah:

“The evils of what they had done will appear to them, and they will be besieged by what they used to deride.”

This Ayah says that on the Day of Resurrection the disbelievers will be handed the record of their deeds and will not be able to deny anything. Their evil deeds shall be made manifest for them on the Day of Judgement, and they will realize what they used to ridicule has finally engulfed them and there is no escape from its consequences.

 From this Ayah we learn the following points:

  1. On the Day of Resurrection all our deeds will become manifest for us along with their consequences.
  2. Those who mock Divine rules and teachings of the Prophets will one day face the consequences of their arrogant and evil behaviour.

Now let us listen to Ayah 34 of Surah Jathiyah:

“And it will be said, ‘Today We will forget you, just as you forgot the encounter of this day of yours. The Fire will be your abode, and you will not have any helpers.”

According to Qur’anic teachings, forgetfulness resulting from the weak memory of a person is neither a crime nor a sin, therefore not punishable, but if a person feigns forgetfulness or does not pay attention to God’s commandments out of arrogance and disdain for Divine rules, he/she deserves punishment. For example, some persons deny the occurrence of the Day of Resurrection and insist upon their wrong belief, while some others, even if they do not do deny it, are heedless of it in their daily life and act in a way as if they have forgotten it. Both groups will be punished in proportionate with their deeds and on the Day of Resurrection God will treat them as if He had forgotten them. In other words, they have deprived themselves of Divine mercy, and as a result will be cast into hell with no helper to save them. Afflicted by torment, the disbelievers shall be told by the angels in charge of their tormenting that the Prophets and their teachings were meant to remind you of the eventuality of such a Day, but you used to ridicule their words of guidance. As a result, now you have to bear the consequence of your sins by being left to taste the everlasting torment in hell, without any helper to rescue you.

This Ayah teaches us that:

  1. Anyone who ignores the eventuality of the Day of Resurrection through negligence of Divine commandments or feigning forgetfulness out of arrogance will be left to his/her fate in the fires of hell, as if forgotten.
  2. Mere belief is not enough and should be coupled with virtuous deeds, since a true believer is always conscious of the Day of Resurrection and Judgement.

Now we listen to Ayah 35 of the same Surah:

“That is because you took the signs of God in derision and the life of the world had deceived you. So today they will not be brought out of it (that is, hell), nor will they be asked to placate [Allah].”

This Ayah means to say persons engrossed in material pursuits and deceived by the pleasures or sorrows of mundane life, begin to deride truths and realities, as well as the eventuality of the Day of Resurrection. As a result, they shall plunge in hell from whose torments they will not find deliverance, nor will be able to justify their excuses for ridiculing Divine signs. The disbelievers are thus warned that this is the recompense for their deeds for mocking at the eventuality of the Judgement Day and the punishment for the sinners, for turning away from the guidance of the Prophets, with such absurd phrases as: “Who knows of the Hereafter? Where is hell? Where is paradise?

This Ayah teaches us that:

  1. Eternal misery in the Hereafter is the result of being engrossed in material pursuits and deceived by mundane life.
  2. Through the Prophets, God Almighty has sealed all argument for mankind, so that nobody will be able to raise any excuse on the Day of Judgement.

Now we present you Ayahs 36 and 37 which mark the end of Surah Jathiyah:

“So all praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of the heavens and the Lord of the earth, the Lord of all the worlds.”

“To Him belongs all supremacy in the heavens and the earth, and He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.”

These Ayahs mean to say that all praise is for the One and Only Creator of the entire universe and whatever it contains of the heavens, the earth, the innumerable planets, the plants, the animals, the birds, and inanimate things, as well as souls and bodies.

Allah Almighty thus has Majesty and Supremacy over everything in the universe, which the Omnipotent Sovereign has arranged with perfect order in harmony with the world of nature, based on infinite wisdom. This means, we human beings are duty-bound to develop His cognizance in the proper manner and express gratitude for His innumerable bounties.

These Ayahs teach us the following points:

  1. He Who has created the universe including the earth and its wonders of nature, deserves the highest praise.
  2. The entire creation reflects the Majesty, Power, and Wisdom of the One and Only Creator.
  3. The proper cognition of God prevents us from disbelief and sins, and leads to obedience and the correct form of worship.

Well dear listeners, Insha Allah (God Willing) next week we will take up explanation of the next Surah in serial order, that is, al-Ahqaaf. God bless you and goodbye.

RM/AS/SS

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