In the path of the Imam (102)
In this episode, we are going to discuss the first part of Imam Khomeini’s testament where he explains Hadith Thaqalayn (Two Weighty Things) meaning the Qur’an and the Progeny of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA). Imam Khomeini passed away in 1989, but his thought and way has remained for seekers of truth, justice and freedom. The Imam has left behind his testament which illuminates the path of the Islamic Revolution. We are going to discuss the main axes of his testament in a number of episodes.
Writing of testament has its roots in old times. The Arabs before the advent of Islam used to write their last will. It was also common in Iran. Like many good customs, Islam didn’t rule out this custom and rather strengthened it. Prophet Mohammad (SAWA) in different Hadiths recommended Muslims to write their last will before death. He advised Muslims to determine their properties for their heirs according to the Qur’anic teachings. The Prophet himself mentioned 9 main points in his testament, namely, sincerity, justice, moderation, pardoning of other’s sins, spending for others, bond with relatives, thinking in creation, remembrance of God and admonishing through the marvels of creation. The custom of writing testament continued after the Prophet’s passing away. Imam Khomeini, as a true student of the Prophet’s school, wrote a comprehensive testament which became known as the Imam’s Political and Divine Testament. This testament is considered as one of the charters of the Islamic Revolution and the Islamic Republic. It includes many features of the discourse of the Islamic Revolution. Imam Khomeini starts his testament with praising God and greeting the Prophet and his Infallible Progeny. Then, he addresses the Hadith Thaqalayn. Hadith Thaqalayn (Two Weighty Things) was said by the Prophet of Islam and reads, “Indeed I am living behind among you two weighty things: the Book of God and my Progeny, my Ahl al-Bayt. They will never part each other till they join me at the Pond (Kowsar).”
Imam Khomeini says in his testament that Hadith Thaqalayn has been mentioned by both Shia and Sunni scholars so repeatedly that it has made it a decisive and firm document. He says, “After the passing away of the Messenger of God, whatever occurred to one of these two things (the Qur’an and the Ahl al-Bayt) has occurred to the other one, too. The loneliness of one is the loneliness of the other so that these two lonely things will go to the Messenger of God at the Pond… and it should be said that the oppression that the rebels (ungodly rulers) have done to the two trusts of the Noble Prophet (SAWA) has been done to the Islamic Ummah and rather to the whole mankind.”
Imam Khomeini, after pointing to Hadith Thaqalayn and the importance of the Qur’an and the Prophet’s Progeny, briefly analyzes what happened to these two things. He says that after the martyrdom of Imam Ali (AS), the egoists and rebels expelled the Qur’an from the scene and completely nullified the divine just rule. Thus, they founded deviation from the religion and Book of God. Imam Khomeini laments, “Now, let us see what has happened to the Book of God, this divine trust and legacy of the Prophet of Islam (SAWA). The sad things that one should shed tears of blood for them began after the martyrdom of Imam Ali (AS). The egoists and rebels used the noble Qur’an as an instrument for their anti-Qur’an rules. Through different excuses and predesigned conspiracies, they expelled real exegetes of the Qur’an and those familiar with the realities who had gained he whole Qur’an from the noble Prophet (SAWA) and the call of “Indeed I am leaving behind among you Two Weighty Things” was in their ears. They expelled the Qur’an and the Umamh from the scene by the Qur’an. And they nullified the divine rule of justice which has been one of the ideals of this holy Book. And they founded the deviation from the religion of God and the Book and the divine tradition to the extent that one is ashamed of writing them down.”
Imam Khomeini (God’s mercy upon him) stresses that the rebels (ungodly rulers) expelled the Qur’an from the scene in a way that they used it to justify their own vested interests. The Imam writes in his testament, “The more this errant foundation advanced the more waywardness and deviation increased so that the noble Qur’an, which was sent down from the lofty status of One God to the hand of Prophet Mohammad for the growth of the world people and is the point of gathering of all Muslims and rather mankind to take the world to justice, was expelled from the scene in a way as if it had no role in guidance; and what is worse is that the role of the Qur’an in the hand of the oppressive rules and the scholars, who were more wicked than rebels, changed into an instrument for practicing oppression and corruption and justification of oppressors and opponents of Almighty God.” Imam Khomeini continues with deep sorrow, “Unfortunately, the Qur’an, this fate-building book, by conspiring enemies and ignorant friends, has had no role except in graveyards and the places of the dead; and the book which should be the tool of convergence of Muslims and mankind and the boom of their life, turned into the tool of discord and difference and was totally expelled from the scene.” Next time, we will continue the issue.