Nov 12, 2021 12:15 UTC

Welcome to another episode of our weekly series titled “Path towards Enlightenment” which is an endeavour to make you and us familiar with an easy and fluent explanation of God’s Final Scripture to all mankind, the holy Qur’an, which was revealed to the Last and Greatest of all Messengers, Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny).

As a reminder, last Friday we started explanation of Surah Fat’h, the 48th in serial order of the compilation of the holy Qur’an, and today we start from we left you last week.

Let us listen to Ayah 5 of Surah Fat’h:

“That He may admit the faithful, men and women, into gardens with streams running in them, to remain in them forever, and that He may absolve them of their misdeeds. That is a great success with Allah.”

If you might recall, last Friday in our explanation of the previous Ayah of this Surah, we said that when the Prophet concluded the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah with the pagan Arabs on being refused permission to enter Mecca for the Umrah pilgrimage, several of the Muslims felt sad in failing to go to the Holy Ka’ba, in consequence of which God Almighty gave tidings of victory in the near future, thereby strengthening their faith and filling their hearts with tranquility. Thus, the one who puts trust in God, never feels saddened even in case of setback, or will not become proud and boastful in case of success, since everything is based on Divine Will.

The Ayah that we recited to you now means to say that the rewards of faith are indeed great, especially for men and women who have gone through ordeals to strengthen their belief and attain tranquility of heart. These Divine favours include forgiveness of whatever misdeeds the penitents had previously committed, and their admission to the eternal bliss of paradise where streams of various refreshments flow.

This Ayah teaches us the following points:

  1. Though women are exempted from active fighting on the warfronts, their support of the services and sacrifices of their menfolk will bring them the same rewards.
  2. Faith not only prevents the believers from sins, but leads to forgiveness by God the All-Merciful of the sins they might have previously committed.
  3. Salvation and true success, both during the transient life of the mortal world and the eternal bliss of the Hereafter, are indeed Divine Favours for the true believers, in contrast to the perpetual anxiety, coupled with lack of peace of mind and tranquility of heart that is the fate of even the wealthy disbelievers.

Now let us listen to Ayah of this Surah:

“That He (God) may punish the hypocrites, whether men or women, and the polytheists, whether men and women, who entertain evil thoughts about Allah. For them shall be an adverse turn of fortune: Allah is wrathful with them and He has cursed them, and prepared for them hell; and it is an evil destination.”

Here, both the hypocrites and the polytheists, whether male or female, are warned of the evil consequences of hypocrisy and idolatry, whose ultimate end is Divine Wrath and the fires of hell, which are indeed an evil destination, even for those who doubt the promise of God.

The All-Merciful Lord never afflicts any person with torment following repentance and seeking forgiveness of sins unless such a person does not trust God and loses hope in Divine Favour.

It is narrated that both the pagan Arabs of Mecca and some of the Muslims in Medina who were hypocrites at heart, doubted God’s assistance to the faithful and thought that the Prophet and the believers would never return safely. In short, those who rely upon God will attain Divine Mercy and ultimate victory, but those who do not strive in the way of God out of fear of enemies and hardships, are cursed and face painful punishment.

This Ayah teaches us the following points:

  1. Hypocrites and polytheists are always doubtful of Divine promise, since they have no strong belief in the One and Only God; hence their fate is interlinked.
  2. In Islam, which is the faith of all humanity, women and men as the two poles of the society, are equal in both Divine reward and Divine punishment.
  3. There is no greater evil than to express doubts about Allah and His Prophet, since doubting is a disease that takes roots in the absence of tranquility at heart.

Now let us listen to Ayah 7 of Surah Fat’h.

“To Allah belong the hosts of the heavens and the earth, and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.”

This blessed Ayah reiterates Divine Omnipotence and Greatness. Divine Attributes of Omniscience and Wisdom, consistent with Divine Mercy, are mentioned in the case of tidings to the believers, but when the reference is to the hypocrites and polytheists, Divine Attributes of Omnipotence and Wisdom are accompanied with warnings of Divine Torment.

The hosts of the heaven and earth include angels and the phenomena of lightning, earthquakes, tempests, torrents, floods, and landslides, as well as invisible forces that lie beyond human knowledge.

This Ayah teaches us the following points:

  1. All objects and phenomena in the universe are the creation of God and occur according to Divine Commandments.
  2. These hosts of the heaven and the earth favour the believers and destroy the disbelievers.

Let us now listen to Ayahs 8 and 9 as the concluding Ayahs of this episode:

“Indeed We have sent you (O Prophet) as a witness, a bearer of good news and a warner;”

“That you (O Muslims) may have faith in Allah and His Prophet, and that you may support him and revere him (that is, the Prophet), and that you may glorify Him (God Almighty) morning and evening.”

Ayah 8 addresses the Prophet of Islam, and means to say that God Almighty has entrusted him with the universal mission of Islam to serve as a witness to the faith of the people, giving tidings of rewards to the believers and warning those in error of the consequences of their actions, if they fail to rectify their wrongs, repent and reform themselves. In other words, the Prophet is not only a testifier of Allah's Oneness and Supreme Authority over the universe, but also a witness to the acceptance or rejection of the universal message of Islam entrusted to him by God. He gives glad tidings of Allah's grace and mercy to those who believe, submit to Divine Will, and obey God’s Commandments; while warning sinners, hypocrites, disbelievers, doubters, and deviators of the consequences of their evil.

Ayah 9 addresses the Muslims and commands them to have firm faith in Allah and the Prophet. The Muslims are obliged to support the Prophet and honour him as a token of their obedience to God the Unseen but Omnipresent, Who should be glorified day and night. In other words, those with faith in the Prophet, honour him and assist him, and celebrate the glory of Allah day and night.

From these Ayahs we learn that:

  1. The proper guidance of the people requires both tidings and warnings, so that they neither become disappointed nor become proud and self-conceited.
  2. The preachers ought to be perfect practitioners of what they preach, in order to serve as role models for the masses.
  3. Faith in God requires supporting and safeguarding the sanctity and status of religion and the person of the Prophet.
  4. A true believer, besides discharging his duties, whether social or religious, should spend part of morning and evening hours in remembrance of God in order to consolidate his bonds with the Almighty Creator.