Nov 12, 2021 12:49 UTC

Welcome to another episode of our weekly series titled “Path towards Enlightenment” which is an endeavour to make you and us familiar with an easy and fluent explanation of God’s Final Scripture to all mankind, the holy Qur’an, which was revealed to the Last and Greatest of all Messengers, Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny).

As you know from our explanation so far of Surah Fat’h or Manifest Victory, which God Almighty describes the Prophet’s Treaty of Hudaybiyyah with the pagan Arabs of Mecca, several Bedouin tribes who claimed to be Muslim but whose hearts were devoid of Islam, disobeyed Divine commandments and resorted to lame excuses, lies, and hypocrisy for their failure to accompany the faithful, since their main concern was booty and not faith, even though the All-Merciful readily forgives those who repent and reform. 

We continue from where we left you in our last episode of this programme a fortnight ago, and here is Ayah 26 of Surah Fat’h:

“When the faithless nourished bigotry in their hearts, the bigotry of pagan ignorance, Allah sent down His composure upon His Prophet and upon the faithful, and made them abide by the word of Godwariness, for they were the worthiest of it, and Allah has knowledge of all things.”

If you might recall, a fortnight ago in our explanation of the previous Ayahs of this Surah, we had said that peace, at times, could be a great victory to the benefit of the Islamic society. We also said that according to Islamic rules, when the enemies avoid fighting, the Muslims should also cease hostilities, and during armed confrontation the innocent and the civilians should not be killed, so that the enemy is not given any pretext to tarnish the image of Islam and Muslims.

The Ayah that we recited to you now refers to the arrogance and false pride of the disbelievers and their hatred of Islam and the Prophet, who in contrast to the bigotry that blinded the disbelievers to facts and realities, was by the grace of God calm and composed during the heated discussions that led to the signing of the truce, since any emotional reaction would have resulted in unwarranted fighting. The Muslims also displayed extreme patience against the provocations of the pagan Arabs, and indeed due to their Godwariness they proved themselves to be worthy and deserving of Divine favours. Allah the Omnipresent and Omniscient is aware of things, including future events and wisely guides the faithful.

This Ayah teaches us the following points:

  1. Any bigotry resulting from ignorance and arrogance is nothing but false pride.
  2. It is faith and Godwariness that instills tranquility in the hearts of believers, both in their personal and social affairs.
  3. Allah is the Best Guide, since He is aware of all and everything

Now let us listen to Ayah 27:

“Certainly Allah has fulfilled His Prophet’s vision in all truth: You will surely enter the Sacred Mosque, God willing, in safety, with your heads shaven and hair cropped, without any fear. So He knew what you did not know, and He assigned besides that a victory near at hand.”

Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny) had a vision of entering the Sacred Mosque in Mecca for the pilgrimage; and accordingly he set out with his followers, fully aware of the fact that the pagan Arabs would bar his entry, resulting in the signing of the truce of Hudaybiyyah that allowed Muslims to come in peace the next year and perform the pilgrimage with all its customary rites. This is evident by the use of the phrase Insha Allah or God Willing, which guarantees definite success.

Thus, the following year the pagan Arabs evacuated Mecca for three days to allow Muslims to freely and without fear perform the rituals of Umra or the lesser pilgrimage. In the next year, that is, 8 AH, Mecca peacefully submitted to the Muslims, as per God’s promise.

 From this Ayah we learn that:

  1. Divine Promises definitely come true, even with somewhat delay.
  2. If a peace treaty is concluded for the good of the society and not fear of the enemy, it might bring about more benefits and would be a precursor of victory.
  3. The faithful should always be cognizant of God Almighty and place complete trust in the words of the Prophet and the Imams.

Now we listen to Ayah 28 of this Surah:

“It is He who sent His Prophet with guidance and the true religion that He may make it prevail over all religions, and Allah suffices as witness.”

The secret behind the triumph of Islam is Divine Guidance and Truth, which makes it gain victory over falsehood. The superiority of Islam is due to its logical approach and rationality, as is evident in all fields, and ensures total triumph in the end times. The Prophet after the truce of Hudaybiyyah achieved brilliant success in all campaigns, making Islam prevail all over Arabia, but the final victory will be achieved in the end times with the reappearance of the Prophet’s 12th and Last Infallible Successor, Imam Mahdi (AS), as is mentioned in the books of all Muslim denominations, as well as in the holy books of the non-Muslims.

This Ayah teaches us the following points:

  1. It is the Will of God to make Islam triumph over all creeds and schools of thought.
  2. The superiority of the Islamic creed is evident in its rationality and logical approach to all issues.

Now let us listen to Ayah 29 which is the last Ayah of Surah Fat’h:

“Mohammad, the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are hard against the faithless and merciful amongst themselves. You see them bowing and prostrating, seeking Allah’s grace and pleasure. Their mark is on their face, from the effect of prostration. Such is their description in the Torah and their description in the Evangel. Like a tillage that sends out its shoots and builds them up and they grow stout and settle on their stalks, impressing the sowers, so that He may enrage the faithless by them. Allah has promised those of them who have faith and do righteous deeds forgiveness and great reward.”

This Ayah presents a clear depiction of the loyal companions and steadfast followers of the Prophet of Islam, who is mentioned here by name. It goes on to describe the characteristics of the faithful Muslims, and says these are mentioned in the previously revealed heavenly scriptures, such as the Torah and the Evangel.

This Ayah means to say that true Muslims have four outstanding features in their personal and social relations, which makes Islam triumphant over all other creeds. These are: a) a true Muslim is decisive and steadfast when facing the enemies; b) a true Muslim is kind, compassionate, and humble while dealing with Muslim brethren; c) a true Muslim is obedient to the instructions of the Prophet and never submits to anyone except the Will of God Almighty; d) a true Muslim always strives for the good of the self and the progress of the society, even if it requires sacrifices.

God Almighty showers His Mercy on the faithful, forgives their faults, and grants them great rewards.

This Ayah teaches us the following points:

  1. Islam is the most comprehensive religion and caters to every aspect of human life.
  2. The universality of Islam will be achieved with full adherence to teachings of the Prophet and his Infallible Successors.
  3. The steadfast and loyal followers of the Prophet of Islam have been described in the Torah, the Evangel, and other previously revealed heavenly scriptures.