Feb 04, 2022 13:31 UTC

Welcome to another episode of our weekly series titled “Path towards Enlightenment” which is an endeavour to make you and us familiar with an easy and fluent explanation of God’s Final Scripture to all mankind, the holy Qur’an, which was revealed to the Last and Greatest of all Messengers, Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny).

As you know, last week we started explanation of Surah Hujuraat, which is 49th in the serial order of compilation of the holy Qur’an. We continue from where we left you Last Friday and here is Ayah 6.

“O you who have faith! If an evil-doer comes to you with a report, look carefully into it, lest you harm a people in ignorance then be sorry for what you have done.

As you might recall, in our explanation last Friday of the previous Ayahs of Surah Hururaat, we said true believers are full of reverence towards the Prophet and never show any disrespect to him in view of his lofty status as the Appointee of God blessed with the most perfect characteristics for guiding mankind towards salvation. We also said that Islam attaches high status to social codes of conduct to the extent that impoliteness, including the disturbing of the peace of others with loud voices, is considered as a sign of lack of reasoning.

The Ayah that we recited to you now means to say is that we should not accept at face value any report that we receive, especially the account conveyed by a person not known to be sincere. Even in important matters such as intelligence, any report received from an evil-doer should not be accepted unless investigated for its veracity, in order to avoid embarrassment and the taking of wrong decisions that may prove disastrous. This same rule applies to issues of religion and the circulation of Hadith attributed to the Prophet. Here the Science of Rijaal plays the vital role of checking the authenticity of the narration by properly scrutinizing the background and characteristics of the transmitter, who might be a person of weak faith and weak memory, or an evil-doer deliberately fabricating a hadith.

This Ayah teaches us the following points:

  1. A true believer never accepts at face value any report in any field including social matters, economy, political issues, intelligence gathering, and even hadith that are attributed to the Prophet, unless these are properly checked.
  2. Some persons and news agencies disseminate fake news to cause chaos in society; hence we should be alert and careful by sifting truth from falsehood.
  3. If decisions on the basis of hearsay can cause social embarrassment and political disasters, the acceptance hadith narrated by weak transmitters and charlatans destroys the faith.

Now we listen to Ayahs 7 and 8 of this Surah:

“And know that among you is Allah's Prophet; should he obey you in many a matter, you would surely fall into distress, but Allah has endeared the faith to you and has made it seemly in your hearts, and He has made hateful to you unbelief and transgression and disobedience; these it is that are the followers of a right way.

By grace from Allah and as a favor; and Allah is Knowing, Wise.

These two ayahs refer to two great blessings of God, namely, sending of messengers for guidance of mankind and the innate nature granted to every human being to enable them to obey the Prophet. An important point to note here is that if the Prophet consults his friends and companions, this does not necessarily bind him to follow their advice, since whatever the Prophet says, acts and commands is completely based on Divine commandment as testified by the opening Ayahs of Surah Najm. Thus, if people were to force the Representative of God to act according to their ways; they themselves will fall into distress, while those who by the Grace of God, have safeguarded their innate nature by abhorring all evil ways and by strictly adhering to the Prophet’s path, these are indeed the successful ones.

 From these Ayahs we learn that:

  1. We should obey the Divine Messengers in order to build a sound, healthy and virtuous society.
  2. It is the Grace of God that inculcates in our hearts attraction towards all good things, including religious teachings and spiritual values, while at the same time prevents our hearts from indulging in evil and indecent ways.

Now let us listen to Ayah 9 of Surah Hujuraat as the concluding Ayah of this episode:

“And if two parties of the believers quarrel, make peace between them; but if one of them acts wrongfully towards the other, fight that which acts wrongfully until it returns to Allah's command; then if it returns, make peace between them with justice and act equitably; surely Allah loves those who act equitably.”

This Ayah points to another social ill, saying: sometimes there are clashes among individuals or groups of society. It is natural for each party to seek help from their friends. The Qur’an stresses that fellow Muslims ought not to be mere onlookers in such cases, but should mediate peace between the conflicting groups. If one of the groups insists on fighting and does not submit to peace, in violation of God’s commandments for justice, then all are duty-bound to confront such a refractory group.

This Ayah teaches us that:

  1. Everyone is responsible toward the peace, stability, and security of society; hence in the time of conflicts, they cannot be indifferent and should strive to make peace.
  2. Rebellious people damage social security, and should be stopped from their evil ways, even if it leads to fighting and loss of life.