Feb 04, 2022 14:07 UTC

Welcome to another episode of our weekly series titled “Path towards Enlightenment” which is an endeavour to make you and us familiar with an easy and fluent explanation of God’s Final Scripture to all mankind, the holy Qur’an that was revealed to the Last and Greatest of all Messengers, Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny).

As you know, last week we started explanation of Surah Zaariyaat which opens with the Divine Oath on the scattering winds that blow far and wide with the rain-bearing clouds, followed by other signs of God’s Mercy that are evident in the orderly world of nature, including the vast universe with its fascinating appearance such as the stars that adorn the sky and are actually faraway planets, which are beyond the perception of mankind, however, scientifically advanced. These are all clear and vivid signs of the Infinite Power of the Almighty Creator Who on the Day of Judgement will resurrect all mankind into their original shape and form, even if they have turned after death into powdered bones and scattered everywhere.

We continue from where we left you last week, and here are Ayahs 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14 of this Surah that refer to the fate of the deniers of the Hereafter who refuse to acknowledge sound arguments or submit to reason, and have deviated from belief in God, the message of the Prophets, the teachings of the Infallible Imams, and the reality of the Day of Resurrection.

 “Perish the liars,

“Who are heedless in stupor!

“They ask, ‘When will be the Day of Retribution?’

“It is the day when they will be tormented in the Fire;

“[and the angels will tell them]: ‘Taste your torment; this is what you used to hasten.’”

Ayah 10 is actually a curse on those who are liars and whose non-existence is better than their existence, since they are immersed in the satanic trait of gossiping based on their surmises and conjectures that create doubts in the minds of others. The next two Ayahs mean to say that such persons who are heedless of the truth are actually in the state of neglect and ignorance. That is the reason they mockingly ask the believers of the Day of Recompense. In reply, God tells them in Ayah 13 that the Day of Recompense is the Day on which the disbelievers shall be burned in the eternal fire and the angels responsible for punishing them will say: Taste the torment that you used to mock in worldly life.

These Ayahs teach us the following points:

  1. The liars are the most despicable persons since they spread sedition in society and create doubts in the minds of others.
  2. The disbelievers have actually distanced themselves from God’s mercy because of their denial of the truth.
  3. Those who mock at the Divine Promise of the Day of Resurrection and Recompense, are deceiving their own selves, and will taste the torment of the eternal fire of Hell.

Now listen to Ayahs 15, 16, 17, 18, and 19 of the same Surah:

“Indeed the Godwary will be amid gardens and springs;

“Receiving what their Lord has given them for they had been virtuous aforetime.

“They used to sleep little during the night;

“And at dawn they would plead for forgiveness;

“And there was a share in their wealth for the beggar and the deprived.”

The holy Qur’an, after a depiction in the previous Ayahs of those who disbelieve, die in the state of sin without repentance, and thus make themselves deserving of Divine punishment in the fire of Hell,  depicts in these Ayahs the blissful state of the virtuous believers and the bounties and blessings reserved for them in Paradise. The believers, who were always conscious of God Almighty and during worldly life abstained from forbidden pleasures, will be rewarded with gardens, springs, and many other means of comfort that are beyond our imagination. The Godwary or the “Muttaqeen” are those who never take pride in their piety, worship, and awe of God Almighty, and never lose hope in Divine Mercy.

The qualities of the “Muttaqeen” as described in these Ayahs reached perfection to the maximum degree in the exemplary life of the Prophet and his Immaculate Ahl al-Bayt. Therefore all believers are commanded to follow in their footsteps, taking them as guides, and disregarding all others who have defective character and conduct.

As Ayahs 17 and 18 mean to say, the Godwary keep awake most of the night, sleeping a little, and spending their time in the worship and remembrance of the All-Merciful Lord. While in the morning at the break of dawn they plead the Almighty Creator for forgiveness – for their own shortcomings, as well as the faults of their parents, relatives, friends, and acquaintances.

The next Ayah enumerates another noble attribute of the Godwary, pointing out that they share their wealth with the beggars, the destitute, and the deprived.

From these Ayahs we learn that:

  1. Abstinence from forbidden pleasures brings eternal bliss in the Hereafter.
  2. The rewards of Paradise are beyond our imagination.
  3. The Godwary are always conscious of the Almighty Creator, worship Him with sincerity, are never boastful of their good deeds, and follow the enlightened path of the Prophet and his Blessed Progeny, the Ahl al-Bayt.
  4. Another characteristic of the true believers is spending long hours of the night in supplications and remembrance of the All-Merciful Lord, while invoking Him for forgiveness for themselves and for others, at dawn.
  5. What is given to the needy and the deprived are their own rights, since God has decreed a share for them in the wealth of the rich who should not consider charity as a favour.

Now we invite you to listen to Ayahs 20, 21, 22, and 23 of Surah Zaariyaat in conclusion of this week’s episode of the Path towards Enlightenment:

“And in the Earth are signs for those who have conviction,

“And in your souls [as well]; will you not then perceive?

“And in the sky is your provision and what you are promised.

“By the Lord of the sky and the earth, it is indeed the truth, just as [it is a fact that] you speak.”

These Ayahs refer to the wonders of creation in the Earth on which we live, in the sky by means of which our provision is guaranteed, and in our own selves as human beings – the best of God’s creation blessed with the gifts of the intellect and speech.

Many a secret lie in the Earth, its distance from the Sun which make conditions ideal for life, its surface, and its depths, such as mountains, valleys, a variety of minerals, water sources, various kinds of birds, beasts, and insects, and last but not the least, vegetation that includes different fruits and vegetables, in addition to colourful flowers and their fragrance. These are indeed clear Signs of Divine Omnipotence and Wisdom for those who use their brains to acquire conviction.

Ayah 21 is meant to jolt human conscience to perceive the Omnipotence of the One and Only Creator with its emphasis on “in your souls; will you then not perceive”. It means the different states of the body from conception to old age, including the physical senses, the nervous, respiratory, and digestive systems, as well as the sight, the hearing, and the defence mechanism, all of which serve as manifestations of Divine Wisdom that is reflected in the various instincts of the human beings and their needs. Thus, by contemplating on our own physical and spiritual aspects, including the gender differences and their attachment to each other, as well as the mental faculties, our mind understands the mysteries of the natural forces and discovers new methods for advancement in knowledge and its application. These wonders should make us become better cognizant of God Almighty, the Day of Resurrection for the Final Judgement and the rewards and punishment it entails. A famous statement from the Prophet of Islam reads: “One who knows his own self indeed recognizes his Lord.”

Ayah 22 means to say that our provision and what has been promised, descends upon the Earth from the sky through rain, snow, and sunlight, all of which make vegetation grow in order to feed us. This is another sign of Divine Mercy.

Ayah 23 is a Divine Oath on the sky and earth that whatever the holy Qur’an says is indeed the undeniable truth, as clear as your power of speech.

From these Ayahs we learn that:

  1. The Qur’an draws our attention to the wonders that the Earth contains in order to help us recognize the One and Only Creator, since the more we discover this phenomena, the better our realization of the Resurrection Day.
  2. Proper reflection on our own self enables us to have better cognition of God.
  3. The sky showers the earth with rain and sunlight, which along with the wind, helps the growth of vegetation to provide food for mankind and all creatures.
  4. The power of speech, along with the intellect, is among the Divine blessings.