Jun 18, 2022 12:19 UTC
  • Path towards Enlightenment (966)

Welcome to another episode of our weekly series titled “Path towards Enlightenment” which is an endeavour to make you and us familiar with an easy and fluent explanation of God’s Final Scripture to all mankind, the holy Qur’an that was revealed to the Last and Greatest of all Messengers, Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny).

We continue from where we left you last Friday and here is Ayah 31 and 32 of Surah Toor:

Say (O Prophet to the disbelievers), ‘Wait! I too am waiting along with you.’

“Is it their intellect which prompts them to (say) this, or are they a rebellious lot?”

If you remember, in our explanation of the previous Ayahs of this Surah last week we said it is the habit of the disbelievers to try to belittle the Prophets of God by calling them names and accusing them of madness or being fanciful poets, in a vain bid to prevent people from being guided to the path of God. In their blind enmity the pagans of Arabia desirous of seeing the end of Islam wished harm and used to say that they were awaiting a fatal accident for Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny). God the Almighty Protector, however, made their devilish plots go awry.

Thus, as is clear by the Ayah that we recited to you now, the Lord Most High commands the Prophet to tell the intransigent disbelievers to wait and see the terrible results of their evil for themselves, since he himself is awaiting whatever Divine Providence has decided for him of the two excellent things, that is, either victory over them or martyrdom in the path of God.

The next Ayah refers to the chiefs of the pagan Arabs who imagined that they were persons of reason and intelligence in opposition to the logic of the Prophet. It addresses all those who regard themselves as reasonable and knowledgeable, asking them whether their reason and intelligence leads them to deny the manifest Truth, when it is clear that such denial stands against reason. All this means, the deniers of truth are nothing but a rebellious and disobedient lot, since their reason only follows their evil desires.

From this Ayah we learn that:

  1. Patience and the passing time make the results manifest, whether these are the benefits for the truthful, or the terrible fate of the deniers of the manifest truth.
  2. Intelligence is the gift of God and should be used in a proper way to ascertain the truth, rather than make it follow vain desires on the pretext of possessing knowledge and reason, since real reasoning never goes against reality and facts.
  3. It is disobedience of the rationality of Divine Commandments that turns the deniers of truth into rebels against logic and real reasoning of the Prophets.

We now present you Ayahs 33 and 34 of the same Surah:

 “Do they say, ‘He has improvised it (the Qur’an himself)?’ Rather they have no faith!

“Let them bring a discourse like it (that is, the Holy Qur’an), if they are truthful.”

These two Ayahs like the previous ones, refer to the manifest truth and its denial by the disbelievers, who used to say that the Holy Qur’an has been forged by the Prophet and not revealed to him by God Almighty. This is indicative of their lack of faith. They are told that they are Arabs like the Prophet and as the Holy Qur’an is in eloquent Arabic, they can make attempts and try to produce the like of it, but they cannot, even if all of their scholars get together, since these are the Revealed Words of the Almighty Creator and therefore matchless and unparalleled.

From these Ayahs we learn that:

  1. It is obstinacy and intransigence that clouds reasoning and leads to denial of truth and wild accusations against the Prophets and truthful persons.
  2. The Holy Qur’an, as the Revealed Word of God Almighty, is the manifest miracle entrusted to the Prophet of Islam, and therefore inimitable.
  3. If the intransigent deniers of truth do not believe in the Divinity of the Holy Qur’an, they can get together and assemble their leading scholars to try to produce the like of it, but they cannot write even a page matching its flawless eloquence and timeless wisdom.

Now we listen to ayahs 35 and 36 of Surah Ṭoor in conclusion of this week’s episode:

“Were they created from nothing or are they (their own) creators?

“Did they create the heavens and the earth? Rather they have no certainty!”

Through these Ayahs, God Almighty raises a number of questions in order to awaken the dormant conscience of the disbelievers by presenting the most significant philosophical discussions in the simplest form of expression, since the fundamental rule of all sciences is that there is no effect if there is no cause. In other words, nothing can come into being out of nothing or by itself.

These two blessed Ayahs present two assumptions. Firstly, is the human race created for a cause or without it; and secondly: Is it possible that mankind is able to create itself? Both assumptions fail to stand against reason, since human beings are a phenomena and every phenomenon is in need of a cause. Furthermore, mankind which did not exist before cannot cause its own existence.

As reflected in Ayah 36, the polytheists were aware that God is the Creator of them, the heavens, and the earth. It is reiterated elsewhere in the Holy Qur’an that if the polytheists were asked concerning the Creator of the heavens and the earth, they would reply that God is the Creator.

Thus the main question presented in these Ayahs is: Why do you not believe in Divine Guidance instead of disobeying the Prophets? The answer is simple. The intransigent disbelievers are not responding to the bidding of their own reason out of their vile disposition of mind and pursuit of vain desires, thereby failing to attain certitude regarding the Omniscient and Omnipotent Creator.

These Ayahs teach us the following points:

  1. The Qur’an raises certain questions to open the minds of human beings so that they ponder upon facts and realities in a rational manner, in order to refrain from obstinacy against truth.
  2. Our intellect will help us when we are in pursuit of truth, and not of vain desires or evil intentions.
  3. Mankind is neither the creator of itself nor the creator of the world of existence.
  4. Pondering on one’s own self and the world around leads to God and certainty.