Path towards Enlightenment (967)
Welcome to another episode of our weekly series titled “Path towards Enlightenment” which is an endeavour to make you and us familiar with an easy and fluent explanation of God’s Final Scripture to all mankind, the holy Qur’an that was revealed to the Last and Greatest of all Messengers, Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny).
We continue from where we left you last Friday and here are Ayahs 37, 38, and 39 of Surah Toor:
“Do they (the disbelievers) possess the treasuries of your Lord or are they the controllers [of their dispensation]?
“Do they have a ladder (leading up to heaven) whereby they eavesdrop? If so let their eavesdropper produce a manifest authority (on the conversation of the angels).
“Does He (the Lord Most High) have daughters while you have sons?
If you might recall, in our explanation of the previous Ayahs of this Surah last Friday we said the Holy Qur’an, as the Revealed Word of the One and Only Creator of the universe, raises certain questions to open the dormant minds of human beings, especially of the disbelievers, by presenting the most significant philosophical discussions in the simplest form of expression, so that they ponder upon facts and realities in a rational manner in order to refrain from obstinacy against the manifest truth.
Since mankind has been created for a purpose and is neither the creator of itself nor the creator of the world of existence, the Heavenly Scriptures revealed to the Prophets for guidance of the human race, point out that those who do not believe in their message are actually not responding to the bidding of their own reason out of their vile disposition of mind and pursuit of vain desires. It is the proper use of God-given intellect that helps us when we are in pursuit of truth. It is pondering on one’s own self and the world around leads to God and certainty.
The Ayahs that we recited to you now pose the question to the disbelievers if they are in possession of the treasures of the world that have made them needless and granted them sway over everything. Or do they have access to the heavens where they could eavesdrop on the knowledge of the higher world, and if this is true, then it is incumbent upon them to produce evident arguments as to what they have heard and learned from the conversation of the angels. In other words, people who have no access beyond the world of nature and are unaware of the metaphysical world, may not claim to have availed themselves of intellectual perfection, when the fact of the matter is that the spirit of the Prophet of Islam is conjoined with the metaphysical world since he possesses the supreme intellect and is the first being to be created by God Almighty.
The next question to the disbelievers who out of ignorance claim that the angels are daughters of God while they have been granted sons, is that the Almighty Creator is needless of human characteristics to beget daughters or sons, when in terms of human values there is no difference between the male and female offspring, and thus such claims expose the falsity of their beliefs.
From these Ayahs we learn the following points:
- It is logic and sound reasoning that testify the correctness of belief, and should be accepted without prejudice, not illogical claims.
- Those who attribute improper things to God have no inhibitions in accusing prophets of sorcery.
Here we present you Ayah 40 of the same Surah, which, in order to refute the claims of the disbelievers and to show that Divine Guidance does not require any remuneration from the people, poses a rhetorical question to Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny).
“Do you ask them for a reward, so that they are weighed down with debt?”
This Ayah means to tell the disbelievers: Has the Prophet asked you of any reward for his preaching of Islam and you are unable to pay it, and thus deny his mission?
The same question is recurrently mentioned in the Holy Qur’an regarding the missions of the prophets of the past who used to tell their nations that there is no remuneration required from them in accepting the Divine Call.
If you remember, Ayah 23 of Surah Shura explicitly provides the answer of the Prophet of Islam to the Arabs when they thought of compensating him for the trouble taken to guide them towards light from the darkness of disbelief and polytheism. He was commanded by God Almighty to tell them (and to all Muslims of the coming generations) that that as a token of their gratitude for his selfless efforts he does not ask for any reward, except the affection and reverence for his Divinely-designated successors, that is, members of his blessed progeny, the Ahl al-Bayt, to whom obedience is required for adherence to the straight and unwavering path.
From this Ayah we learn that:
- No remuneration is required from the people for guiding them to the path of God Almighty.
- For proper propagation of religion and spiritual/moral values, preachers should refrain from raising material and financial demands, or imposing burdens upon the people.
- For every true believer, it is obedience, after the Prophet, to the path of the Divinely-designated Imams of the Ahl al-Bayt, that ensures salvation in life and the Hereafter.
We invite you to listen to Ayahs 41, 42, and 43 of Surah Toor in conclusion of this week’s episode:
“Do the (the disbelievers) have [access to] the Unseen, which they write down?
“Or do they seek to outmaneuver (Allah)? But it is the faithless who are the outmaneuvered ones.
“Or do they have any god other than Allah? Clear is Allah of any partners that they may ascribe (to Him).”
These Ayahs once more address the disbelievers by asking whether they are aware of the secrets of the Unseen which they are to write down. Do they claim to have direct knowledge of Divine Injunctions and are thus needless of the Holy Qur’an and the Islamic faith?
If the disbelievers imagine that they may be triumphant over the Prophet of Islam by getting together to plot against him and thus defy God’s commandments, they are totally wrong, since the Almighty Creator’s Omnipotence is superior to all powers, and it is them who will be the losers.
If the disbelievers imagine they have a patron, deity, or object of worship besides Allah, they are grossly mistaken, since the Almighty Creator is far too glorious to have any partners or associates.
These Ayahs teach us the following points:
- One of the methods to invite the misguided persons is to raise logical questions to awaken their dormant conscience and make them contemplate upon the manifest truth.
- Anyone, except Prophets and their Divinely-Designated Vicegerent, who claim to have connection with the Unseen, should be rejected.
- The Almighty Creator is Superior to everything and is the real supporter of all those who seek truth.