Nov 23, 2022 12:35 UTC

Salaam and welcome to another episode of our weekly series titled “Path towards Enlightenment” which is an endeavour to make you and us familiar with an easy and fluent explanation of God’s Final Scripture to all mankind, the holy Qur’an that was revealed to the Last and Greatest of all Messengers, Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny).

Today we complete explanation of “Surah al-Mujadilah” or “The Pleader”, which is, number 58 in the serial order of compilation of the holy Qur’an.

It was revealed in Medina and mentions the complaint of a woman whose husband had put her away by resorting to the pagan Arab formula, known as “zihaar”, which consists of the words: “You are to me as the back of my mother.” This was a pagan custom to imply a kind of divorce that freed the husband from any responsibility for conjugal duties as well as providing support for children, but without allowing the wife the freedom to leave the husband’s home or to contract a second marriage. The woman, who along with her husband had become a Muslim, pleaded to the Prophet against this unjust behaviour and said she also lacked the means to support her little children.

Her prayer to Allah and her plea was accepted, and this brutal and unjust custom of the pagan Arabs was abolished through revelation of this Surah, which goes on to state that those who oppose God and the Prophet, or fall to the temptations of the Satan, or lie in their oaths and make intrigues against the Prophet, will be defeated and suffer humiliation both in this world and in the Hereafter, while Hezbollah or the Party of Allah, which means those who have firm faith in God, will triumph.

We start from where we left you last Friday in our last episode of this series, and here are Ayahs 18 and 19 of the said Surah:

“The day when Allah will raise them all together, they will swear to Him, just like they swear to you (O Prophet), supposing that they stand on something. Look! They are indeed liars!

“Satan has prevailed upon them, so he has caused them to forget the remembrance of Allah. They are Satan’s confederates. Look! Indeed it is Satan’s confederates who are the losers!”

If you might recall, in our explanation of the previous Ayahs of this Surah last week we said the stratagem of the hypocrites is to undermine Islam by claiming to be Muslim in order to prevent the proper promotion in society of God’s commandments. Of course, this is nothing but foolishness on the part of the hypocrites to think of themselves as clever and smart, when their end is utter humiliation, both in the transient life of this world and in the Hereafter. An important point to note is that wealth, power, and children may be of help in the world, but will be of no avail in the Hereafter.

The Ayahs that we recited to you now mean to say the hypocrites resort to false oaths both while alive in this world and also when resurrected to life after death in the Hereafter. Hypocrites are mistaken to think that they can save themselves from Divine punishment through lying, since lying has turned into a natural disposition for them. The Day of Resurrection is the scene of manifestation of deeds and intentions, and even on this day when shown their evil deeds at the  Final Tribunal, the hypocrites will falsely swear in the same manner that they used to swear false oaths in the transient life of the mortal world.

The next Ayah says the hypocrites have allowed Satan to completely dominate them to the extent they have forgotten God Almighty and His blessings. They have become the confederates or party of the Satan whose deception has totally absorbed them. In other words, the more a person drifts away from God the more he/she is entrapped by Satan.

From these Ayahs we learn that:

  1. Whoever heeds the temptations of the Satan will become a member of his party, and thus become a loser in both the transient life of the mortal world and on the Day of Resurrection, where nothing can save him/her.
  2. If a person becomes a habitual liar, this habit of lying will continue even after Resurrection on the Day Judgement.

Now let us listen to ayahs 20 and 21 of the same Surah:

“Indeed those who oppose Allah and His Prophet- they will be among the most abased.

“Allah has ordained: ‘Surely I and my prophets will prevail.’ Indeed Allah is All-Strong, All-Mighty.”

Here it is stressed that the hypocrites and the disbelievers are the most abased people since they disobey the Almighty Creator’s commandments and ridicule the Prophets.

As Ayah 21 means to say, such persons will never succeed and victory belongs solely to God and His Prophets even if the enemies happen to temporarily silence the voice of the messengers of God through imprisonment and murder.

These Ayahs teach us that:

  1. Disbelief, denial of truth, and hypocrisy leads to self-destruction and permanent loss in afterlife.
  2. Those who oppose the manifest truth are the most abased persons.
  3. The Divine Promise on the final triumph of truth over falsehood will materialize in the end times with the advent of the Awaited Saviour of mankind, Imam Mahdi (May God hasten his reappearance for establishment of the global government of peace, prosperity, and justice).

At the end of this week’s episode of Path towards Enlightenment we complete explanation of Surah Mujadilah, and here is the last Ayah, that is 22, in which God Almighty says:

“You will not find a people believing in Allah and the Last Day endearing those who oppose Allah and His Prophet even though they were their own parents, or children, or brothers, or kinsfolk. [For] such, He has written faith in their hearts and strengthened them with a spirit from Him. And He will admit them into gardens with streams running in them, to remain in them forever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. They are Hizbullah (or the Party of Allah). Look! Indeed the Party of Allah is the felicitous!”

This Ayah refers to a general principle, that is, the obedience to God Almighty through devotion to the Prophets, Imams, and saintly people, while firmly opposing the enemies of humanity. In other words, love for God and love for the enemies of humanity cannot be intermixed or assembled in one heart, even if the disbelievers happen to be the nearest of kin and blood relatives of the believers, such as parents, children, brothers or sisters. Thus, God considers the true believers, whose hearts are purified with obedience solely for Him through devotion to the teachings of the Prophets, Imams, and saintly persons, as Hizbullah or Party of Allah. Such people are ensured of success in the world and in the Hereafter through Divine Assistance, which becomes more manifest in the bliss of Paradise where lush gardens and fresh flowing streams are granted to them.

This Ayah teaches us the following points:

  1. True faith requires obedience to God through devotion to the teachings of the Prophets, Imams, and saintly persons, while fully disavowing the disbelievers, even if they happen to be the nearest of kin.
  2. Love and affection of the faithful and the faithless cannot exist in one single heart, which ought to be purified of all filth in order gain true belief.
  3. In Islam, the bonds of faith are superior to family, tribal, and even national attachments.