Nov 23, 2022 12:37 UTC

Salaam and welcome to another episode of our weekly series titled “Path towards Enlightenment” which is an endeavour to make you and us familiar with an easy and fluent explanation of God’s Final Scripture to all mankind, the holy Qur’an that was revealed to the Last and Greatest of all Messengers, Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny).

As you know last week we started explanation of Surah Hashr”, which is number 59 in the serial order of compilation of the holy Qur’an. It has 24 Ayahs and was revealed in Medina. Its name is derived from the second Ayah which mentions the word “Hashr”, which does not, however, denote the gathering on the Day of Resurrection, but it connotes people's gathering for migration. The Surah opens and closes with the glorification of God Almighty by all that is in the world of existence. It mainly refers to the collaboration of the Arab hypocrites with the Israelite tribes in Medina against the Muslims, and the banishment of the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadheer for its breaking of the agreement with the Prophet. The Almighty Creator says that the joint stratagems of the hypocrites and the rebellious Israelites lead to nothing but their humiliation and defeat.

If you remember last Friday in explanation of the previous Ayahs of this Surah we said the believers are not awed by the strength of the enemies, whether hypocrites or disbelievers, and they act with full trust in God with alertness and vigilance against the stratagems of the enemies, without giving them a chance to cause further harm.

Now let us listen to Ayahs 6 and 7 of the Surah:

“Whatever Allah restored to His Prophet from them and you neither spurred any horse for its sake nor any riding camel, but Allah makes His prophets prevail over whomever He wishes, and Allah has power over all things.

“And whatever Allah has restored to His Prophet from the people of the townships are for Allah and the Prophet, and for relatives and the orphans, and the destitute and the traveler, so that they do not circulate among the rich amongst you. And take whatever the Prophet gives you and relinquish whatever he forbids you, and be wary of Allah. Indeed Allah is severe in retribution.”

Whatever is in the heavens and the earth and between them is created by Allah and belongs to Him, although by religious or civil law people may be in possession of some worldly things as trustees or owners, but when they become disbelievers and turn hostile towards the truth they lose all rights over these properties, hence the use of the word and the phrase “Allah restored to His Prophet.”

Consequently, when these properties have come into the possession of the Prophet peacefully without the Muslims making any efforts or fighting the disbelievers as Jihad, these are not classified as “Anfaal” or spoils for distribution amongst the warriors, regarding which also the authority of the Prophet is unchallengeable. As for uncultivated lands, mountains, reed beds, and rivers, which as per the Ayah of the holy Qur’an fall without military engagement into the disposal of the Prophet such property will be distributed upon the Prophet's discretion amongst certain groups of people, like the poor, the orphans, the stranded, the deserving kindred, and those Muslim immigrants who had lost their properties in Mecca.

These Ayahs teach us the following points:

  1. At times victory is gained without fighting because of Divine assistance and the awe that God instills in the hearts of the disbelievers.
  2. The Islamic economic system is based on just distribution of wealth so that it is not put exclusively in the hands of a special group or stratum.
  3. Whatever the Prophets bids or forbids is in accordance with the Command of God and should be obeyed.

Here we present you Ayahs 8 and 9 of the same Surah:

“(They are also) for the poor Emigrants who have been expelled from their homes and [wrested of] their possessions, who seek grace from Allah and [His] pleasure and help Allah and His Prophet. It is they who are the truthful.

“(They are also) for those who were settled in the land and [abided] in faith before them, who love those who migrate toward them, and do not find in their breasts any need for that which is given to them, but prefer [the Immigrants] to themselves, though poverty be their own lot. And those who are saved from their own greed - it is they who are the felicitous.

Ayah 9 means to say that the poor Muslim emigrants who had lost their possessions when they left their homes for Medina in order to preserve their faith for the sake of Allah, are indeed truthful, and deserve a share in the properties acquired from the disbelievers.

Ayah 9 refers to the Ansaar, which means Helpers, that is the people of Medina who had accepted the truth of Islam prior to the Prophet's arrival and were waiting for him. They also have a share in the possessions acquired from the disbelievers, since they heartily welcomed the immigrant Muslims of Mecca, hosted them in their houses, provided food for them, and helped them settle in Medina, even if they themselves were faced with poverty. They are indeed the felicitous.

These Ayahs teach us the following points:

  1. It is the duty of believers to assist their brethren-in-faith who have displaced from homes, and help them settle in the new land.
  2. Poor believers beseech God for help and do not extend their hand before others; but it is the duty of the faithful to help them.
  3. Those who are honest will not give up their faith even under economic pressure.
  4. Abstinence from greed, jealousy, stinginess and grudge are among the causes of perfection and will lead to salvation in the Hereafter.

In conclusion of this week’s episode of Path towards Enlightenment, here is Ayah 10 of Surah Hashr:

“And (also) those who came after them, who say, ‘Our Lord, forgive us and our brethren who were our forerunners in the faith, and do not put any rancour in our hearts toward the faithful. Our Lord, You are indeed Most Kind and Merciful.”

After classifying the Emigrants and the Helpers, this Ayah refers to the third group of early Muslim who had embraced the truth of Islam later. They earnestly seek forgiveness from God Almighty for their previous life of aimlessness and have now wholeheartedly joined the ranks of believers. It is thus incumbent upon the Prophet to provide them a share as part of efforts for removing poverty from the society.

This Ayah teaches us the following points:

  1. Boundaries of time and place are not important in religious brotherhood.
  2. Faith in God and removal of all negative attitudes from the hearts makes a person deserving of Divine Mercy and Kindness.
  3. Sins are forgiven when repentance in the Divine Court is earnest and sincere.