Feb 25, 2016 09:55 UTC

In the previous episode the link between the al Saud tribe and the Wahhabis and the two’s tendency toward Britain were discussed.

What determined the British relation with Abdul Aziz ibn Saud were the two main goals of the British colonialists in the Arabian Peninsula. First, the British sought an ally to maintain their interests in the heart of the region and guarantee their dominance on the region in future. Secondly, Britain wanted to struggle against the Ottoman Empire which was represented by the al-Rashid rulers and the Sharifs of Mecca and Medina. Stay tuned for more.

The Wahhabi ideology knew it well that it could never find popularity among Muslims. Therefore, it decided to cling to the apron of the British masters to guarantee its survival via sword. To make sure of Abdul Aziz’s obedience of its policies, Britain sent an experienced political and military advisor, Henry William Shakespeare, to the region. The British were not negligent of other parts of the Arabian Peninsula. Thus, they sent another spy, Lawrence, who was later known as Lawrence of Arabia, to Sharif Hussein of Mecca. As Sharif Hussein had good relations with the Ottoman Turks, Lawrence promised him that he would become the next caliph if he helped the British in their fight against the Ottomans. This promise deceived Sharif Hussein and turned him into the British agent. After the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, Sharif Hussein called himself caliph of Muslims unaware of the fact that establishment of such an empire had never been in compliance with the British policies. Therefore, Britain easily toppled Sharif Hussein of Mecca and the rule of Sharifs through supporting Abdul Aziz.

The efforts of Henry William Shakespeare and generous services of Abdul Aziz in the fight against the Ottomans on the one hand and the presentation of a British narrative of Islam by the Wahhabis on the other hand resulted in concluding the colonial agreement between Percy Cox and Abdul Aziz in 1915. The agreement stipulated that Ibn Saud would never invade the lands supported by Britain in the Arabian Peninsula, would not give any concession to the enemies of Britain in Nejd, would not choose his successor from the enemies of Britain, and would adapt its foreign policy with Britain. Britain, in return, would pay 60,000 pounds annually to Ibn Saud. The year 1932 was the year when Abdul Aziz gained full control of the peninsula and named the country as his personal property Saudi Arabia. Britain, eventually, preferred the Wahhabis over Sharifs of Mecca due to two reasons. First, the Wahhabis had no place among Muslims and hence were forced to depend on Britain for ever to survive. Secondly, the narrative of Islam preached by them was in contrast to the genuine Islam and this would help cause discord among Muslims.

One of the fundamental differences of Wahhabism from the Islamic sects is the way this cult has pursued to promote its ideology. A brief look at the history of the Islamic sects shows that they have usually applied rational and logical methods to spread their ideas. None of the Islamic sects has deemed permissible to kill other Muslims and seize their properties. Even Ibn Taymiyyah, the founder of the Salafi School, didn’t decree murdering Muslims with the pretext of belief in issues like intercession and resorting to the saints for help. The only group which excommunicated other Muslims was the Kharejites (renegades) who believed that with committing a single carnal sin one becomes infidel and hence his/her blood should be shed. Some of the Kharejites even believed that the disbelief of the father would lead to the disbelief of his minor son and wife and hence they should be killed. But they didn’t survive and the only group of them called Abbazia moderated their views. After the Kharejites the only group which used this savage conduct and belief was the Wahhabis. They excommunicated all Muslims and embarked on killing them.

Presently, Takfiris as a branch of the Wahhabis murder Shia and Sunni women and children with the excuse of infidelity and heresy. No juncture of history can be found in which the Wahhabi cult has grown through logic and reasoning. The Wahhabi cult should be called the school of sword and murder. All of the wars of Wahhabis have been with Muslims and not the enemies of Islam. One of the most important goals of the Wahhabis has been accumulation of wealth and plundering the properties of Muslims under the motto of unity. Such a condition has been mentioned even by the historians of the Wahhabi cult like Ibn Bushr and Ibn Ghanaam. Any region that resisted the Wahhabi onslaught would go in ruins and any region that accepted their rule and ideology would pay jizya to the government in Dirriyah. When Abdul Aziz conquered Riyadh in 1187, he confiscated all houses and date groves.