Mar 10, 2016 09:09 UTC

As a reminder, we briefly talked about the bond between the Wahhabi and Saudi families and the role of Britain in ever bolstering this bond in a bid to pursue its own sinister goals in the region. Stay tuned for the rest of the story.

According to the historical accounts written by Wahhabi writers, no region in Nejd or Hejaz intentionally accepted the Wahhabi thought. That’s why most parts of the books written on the history of Wahhabism are the account of the wars and carnages staged by the Wahhabis. Hafez Wahaba, one of the near ones of the Saudi rulers writes in the book Jazeerat al-Arab:

“Abdul Aziz said, ‘When our ancestor Muhammad ibn Saud was engaged in fighting with the tribes of Hejaz region, some of the chieftains of Matir tribe were taken captive. Some of the elderly of the tribe came to Muhammad ibn Saud asking him for forgiveness of the group. But he ordered their decapitation and put their severed heads on the trays of food to be served for other members of the tribe. Since, they refused to eat the severed heads of their fellow tribesmen, all of them were killed.’ When al Saud subjugated all Sunni tribes via bloodshed, they moved toward Shia-inhabited regions in the East, namely al-Ahsa. Al-Ahsa or al-Sharqiya is the largest province in Arabia and the cities like Hofuf, Damaam and Qatif are located in it. The region is one of the most important oil-rich regions of the country. Al-Ahsa was finally repressed and subjugated through mass murder and destruction of the Saudi criminals.

Ibn Bushr in the book “Unwan al-Majd fi Tarikh Najd” writes on one of the assaults of the Saudi troops to Al-Ahsa, “In the morning the troopers mounted on horses and attacked the city. The sky went dark, the ground trembled and there was fire and smoke in the sky. Many of the women of Ahsa had a miscarriage out of fear. Then Saud entered the city and stayed there for several months. During this period he killed, exiled and imprisoned whoever he wanted. He seized people’s properties and destroyed houses and villages. Saud launched a lot of carnage among them. In this war Saud got properties which couldn’t be described or enumerated.”

But the crimes of Saud and Wahhabis were not limited to Hejaz. Since the very beginning they thought of dominating holy sites of Iraq and looting them. The Wahhabi and Saudi tribes would justify plundering the Islamic lands with the motto of fight against idolatry and rule of monotheism. In the era of Abdul Aziz I, his son Saud who was the commander of the expeditions launched onto Muslim lands, prepared a troop to attack Karbala. Ibn Bushr writes, “In 1216 AH, Saud headed toward Karbala with a troop made up of the locals of Nejd, Hejaz and Tahama. He descended the people of the city of Hussein. They destroyed the walls, entered the city forcibly and killed most of the people at markets and houses.”

The Russian envoy in his report to the embassy, describes the event, “12,000 Wahhabis suddenly attacked the tomb of Imam Hussein, and after seizing precious booties they had never seen in the previous attacks, they left no more than fire and sword. They slew the elderly, children and women and didn’t come short of cruelty and brutality. As a result of this avaricious attack, over 4000 people were killed and 4000 camels were plundered. Then they turned the Imam’s shrine into ruins filled with blood.”

Saud several times launched expeditions toward the holy shrines in Iraq but always failed. Ibn Bushr points to Saud’s attack against Najaf in 1220 AH which was repelled by the heroic struggles of the ulema and the people. Thus Saud was forced to withdraw and contented himself with looting the environs of Najaf.

The government of Abdul Aziz gradually managed to spread its rule over different regions of the Arabian Peninsula through the British support. But the temptation of ruling over the holy cities of Mecca and Medina never let go of him. In addition, Britain had come to the conclusion that Sharif Hussein of Mecca couldn’t secure the British goals. In the year 1924 Abdul Aziz ordered the attack on Ta’ef which was a developed and beautiful city near Mecca. In September of the same year the troops of Abdul Aziz entered the city. For three days they left no crime uncommitted in the city. Many of the people fled the city and the rest of the women and children who fell into the Wahhabi clutches were slain. The fall of Ta’ef set the ground for assaulting and capturing Mecca. But Abdul Aziz was confident of the British; hence he hesitated fearing that the British might prefer the rule of Sharifs and enter the war with Wahhabis. But the troop of the Wahhabis entered Mecca in October 1924 at the behest of their masters on London. The people of Mecca, being informed of the Wahhabi crimes in Ta’ef, didn’t resist their troop. The Wahhabis, however, ransacked their properties. In the years 1925 and 1926 the Saudi rule was completed over Mecca and Medina.

All in all, to restore the power of Abdul Aziz and the third era of Wahhabi rule, Ikhwan as the main troop of Abdul Aziz, massacred over 400,000 civilians. Moreover, the Saudis razed to the ground the Islamic sanctities. During the reign of Saud ibn Abdul Aziz (1216-1222 AH), many of the Islamic sites and cities were attacked and demolished. In this period, the Wahhabi troop assaulted to the holy shrines in Iraq and destroyed Imam Hussein’s sacred mausoleum. Ahmad Zaini Dahlaan, in the book “Kholasat al-Kalaam fi Bayan Omara al-Balad al-Haram” writes, “It was not dawn yet when the Wahhabis embarked on destroying mosques and the monuments of the righteous people. First the tombs of the Mo’alla cemetery were destroyed. Then the edifice where the birthplace of the Prophet was installed was demolished. They would beat drums and sing while destroying the graves.”

Next time we will discuss the destruction of the monuments of Medina by Wahhabis.