Sep 15, 2019 09:45 UTC

Although the issue of Brexit was not deemed to be complicated in the beginning following the nationwide referendum and the votes of Britons in its favor in June 2016; its ensuing difficulties and threats have surfaced three years after this landmark event.

In fact, Brexit has turned into the most important and sensitive topic for Britain within the living memory, causing widening rifts in that country. The fact of the matter is that the British regime, major parties, and Britons have been polarized into those in favor or against Brexit, prompting a huge dispute; although currently the talking point revolves round Britain leaving the European Union with or without a deal. The controversial British Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, has been at loggerheads with the House of Commons, furthering this dispute beyond a political debate, and turning it into a litmus test over the nature and identity of the British political system. The following is the first part of a 2-part article titled "Dispute over Brexit".

The polarizing issue of Brexit, has generated concerns for Britons and the European Union, alike. Despite of the agreement that was concluded between London and Brussels in November 2018, over Brexit; the former British premier, Theresa May, failed to ratify this deal. This failure, and the ensuing pressures forced May to tender her resignation in May 2019. This marked the beginning of the Conservatives' inner-party rivalries to introduce the incoming leader of the Conservative Party and British premier, ultimately resulting in the instatement of Boris Johnson as premier. He has been a staunch Brexiteer, insisting on Britain's departure from the European Union on October 31, 2019, with or without a deal.

Brexit has turned into an intricate issue of concern; with countless political, and economic consequences. British daily, Sunday Times, has gained access to a number of confidential documents, which reveal a no-deal Brexit pushes Britain towards poverty; while the European Union would also be hit by its repercussions, including the layoff of 1.7 million EU citizens in different parts of Europe.

Experts strongly believe that a no-deal Brexit could lead to a major economic recession in Britain. British administration's classified documents admit that a no-deal Brexit would come at a high cost, causing chaos at British ports, shortage of fuel, food, and medications, surging costs of social services, and resulting in border tensions, and security concerns regarding Ireland. Despite of these warnings, the British premier is determined to pull off a no-deal Brexit on October 31.

British MPs are vehemently opposed to a no-deal Brexit, pointing out that such an act endangers Britain's economy and security, and leaves Britain at the mercy of US president, Donald Trump, and American companies.

In the meantime, the Speaker of the US House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, has underscored that if a no-deal Brexit would endanger England's peace agreement with Northern Ireland, there would be no trade agreement between London and Washington. Nonetheless, the US president is an advocate of Boris Johnson, encouraging the latter to enforce Brexit as soon as possible, while also provoking London not to pay financial compensation to Brussels over Brexit. It seems that Trump administration, upon making big pledges, is throwing its weight behind the British premier to go ahead with a no-deal Brexit. Nonetheless, the US president has long been known for refusing to fulfill his vows. Currently, Johnson's opponents, especially the Labor Party Leader, Jeremy Corbin, argue that a no-deal Brexit leaves Britain in a fragile and shaky state, and forces it to submit to Trump administration.

Brexit would also disrupt commercial transactions between the two parties, and would lead to imposition of tariffs on imports from Europe. Economists opine that a no-deal Brexit would bring about huge consequences for British exports and trade. Nonetheless, all these warnings have been dismissed as baseless by the British premier, and he continues to promote Brexit and to point out its alleged benefits.

Johnson's biggest challenge in enforcement of Brexit, is in relation to the Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland border. If Boris Johnson would succeed in pulling off a no-deal Brexit; the movement of people and exchange of goods across the border of Northern and Southern Ireland would be restricted, which could in turn fuel tensions and disputes between the Catholic republicans and Protestant monarchists in Northern Ireland.